By Jan Gonda, Gordon B. Ford Jr.
This e-book is simply an "elementary" grammar for people with event in comparative linguistics. it truly is nonetheless an invaluable booklet for these studying Sanskrit--after might be facing the 1st and/or moment ebook of Egenes's "Introduction to Sanskrit". it can be of fast worth to the comparative linguistic, in particular one with wisdom of Greek or Latin.
A amateur of the twenty first century relatively may still begin with Egenes, i feel. this is often nonetheless an invaluable text.
“This corrected reprint of Gonda's Grammar marks the welcome go back of a venerable consultant for rookies within the examine of Sanskrit, and an invaluable reference paintings for carrying on with scholars, written by way of a previous grasp of the subject.”-- Sheldon Pollock, George V. Bobrinskoy unusual provider Professor of Sanskrit and Indic experiences, collage of Chicago
“Professor Gonda’s paintings is unquestionably among the finest for linguists who desire to collect wisdom of Sanskrit grammar as swiftly as possible.”-- Linguistics: a global Review
“It is to be welcomed that this ebook, now maybe the main popular in introductory classes, has been made available to scholars within the usa and Canada.”-- Indo-Iranian magazine
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Extra info for A Concise Elementary Grammar of the Sanskrit Language: with Exercises, Reading Selections and a Glossary
Notice that the first reference to Ms. Miyamoto is accompanied by the subject particle -ga, while the second and the third references are acompanied by the topic particle -wa. The change of status that we are studying here is almost like that of an initially newsworthy rocket settling into an orbit and functioning as a station for future scientific observations that will be more newsworthy. If we use this analogy, the ga-marked noun phrase is a rocket before it settles into an orbit; the wa-marked noun phrase is its condition after it is in orbit.
Recall that the basic rule of Japanese is that the verb appears at the end of the sentence. Other elements can be switched around without changing the meaning of the sentence. This applies to the subject as well as to the direct object noun phrase. The subject may appear before the direct object, or it may follow the direct object, as in the following examples: Gakusei-ga sensei-o shootai-shimashita. ” Sensei-o gakusei-ga shootai-shimashita. ” 41 In such examples, semantic confusion does not arise because the sentences distinguish the subject and the direct object by marking them with the particles -ga and -o, respectively.
For the moment, study these additional examples. Namae-wa shirimasen-deshita. ” Tookyoo-tawaa-wa ikimasen-deshita. ” For related topics, see also Units 15, 18, 20, and 21. 35 17 The particle of objects -mo adds the preceding noun phrase to a list The particle -mo presupposes a set of things or people which fits the description and adds an additional member to the set: Chiba-san-wa sensei-desu. Yamada-san-mo sensei-desu. “Mr. Chiba is a teacher. Ms. Yamada too (in addition to Mr. ” set of teachers Shinbun-o kaimashita.