By Alpha Architecture Committee, Richard T. Witek
This can be the authoritative reference on electronic apparatus Corporation's new 64-bit RISC Alpha structure. Written through the designers of the interior electronic requirements, this publication includes whole descriptions of the typical structure required for all implementations and the interfaces required to help the OSF/1 and OpenVMS working systems.
Read or Download Alpha Architecture Reference Manual PDF
Best design & architecture books
This re-creation of the A+ entire Lab guide has been completely up-to-date to hide the newest CompTIA ambitions. it is also been revised for simpler navigation and a tighter healthy with David Groth's best-selling A+ whole examine advisor. Use those assets jointly to achieve the data, abilities, and self assurance you must move the checks and start a worthwhile profession.
Internet 2. zero is extra pervasive than ever, with company analysts and technologists suffering to realize the chance it represents. yet what precisely is internet 2. 0--a advertising time period or technical truth? This interesting booklet ultimately places substance at the back of the phenomenon by means of picking out the middle styles of internet 2.
Excessive functionality information Mining: Scaling Algorithms, purposes andSystems brings jointly in a single position very important contributions and updated examine ends up in this fast-paced quarter. excessive functionality info Mining: Scaling Algorithms, functions andSystems serves as a great reference, offering perception into probably the most demanding study concerns within the box.
"High-frequency built-in circuit layout is a booming sector of development that's pushed not just by means of the increasing functions of underlying circuit applied sciences like CMOS, but in addition by means of the dramatic raise in instant communications items that depend upon them. built-in CIRCUITS FOR instant COMMUNICATIONS contains seminal and vintage papers within the box and is the 1st all-in-one source to handle this more and more very important subject.
- Peripherals for Computer Systems
- Practical Fashion Tech: Wearable Technologies for Costuming, Cosplay, and Everyday
- Automatic Parallelization: An Overview of Fundamental Compiler Techniques
- IPv6 Core Protocols Implementation (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking)
- Diffraction Physics
- Samsung ARTIK Reference: The Definitive Developers Guide
Extra info for Alpha Architecture Reference Manual
T h e low two bits of Rb a r e ignored. R a a n d Rb m a y specify t h e s a m e register; t h e t a r g e t calculation u s i n g t h e old value is done before t h e n e w value is assigned. All J u m p instructions do identical operations. They only differ in h i n t s to possible branch-prediction logic. T h e displacement field of t h e instruction is u s e d to p a s s t h i s information. T h e four different "opcodes" set different bit p a t t e r n s in disp<15:14>, a n d t h e h i n t o p e r a n d sets disp<13:0>.
T h e floating-point register to be used is specified by t h e F a , Fb, a n d Fc fields all pointing to t h e s a m e floating-point register. If t h e F a , F b , a n d Fc fields do not all 3-12 Common Architecture (I) point to t h e s a m e floating-point register, t h e n it is U N P R E D I C T A B L E which register is used. 5 PALcode Instruction Format T h e Privileged Architecture L i b r a r y (PALcode) format is used to specify extended processor functions. It h a s t h e format shown in F i g u r e 3 - 6 .
T h e displacement is t r e a t e d as a signed longword offset. This m e a n s it is shifted left two bits (to a d d r e s s a longword boundary), sign-extended to 64 bits, a n d added to t h e u p d a t e d P C to form t h e t a r g e t v i r t u a l a d d r e s s . T h e conditional b r a n c h i n s t r u c t i o n s a r e PC-relative only. T h e 21-bit signed displacement gives a forward/backward b r a n c h distance of + / - 1M instructions. Instruction Descriptions (I) 4-17 T h e t e s t is on t h e signed q u a d w o r d i n t e g e r i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of t h e register contents; all 64 bits a r e tested.