By Noah Lemos
Epistemology or the idea of information is likely one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this e-book presents a transparent and obtainable creation to the topic. It discusses a few of the major theories of justification, together with foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and advantage epistemology. different subject matters contain the Gettier challenge, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the matter of epistemic circularity, the matter of the criterion, a priori wisdom, and naturalized epistemology. meant essentially for college students taking a firstclass in epistemology, this lucid and well-written textual content may additionally supply a good advent for an individual drawn to figuring out extra approximately this crucial quarter of philosophy.
Part of the Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy sequence.
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Extra info for An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge
The no false grounds approach One approach to solving the Gettier problem begins by noting that in Gettier’s examples Smith deduces a true proposition from a falsehood. His justification for believing the true proposition depends upon his being justified in believing a false proposition. Proponents of the No False Grounds approach claim that Smith’s justification for believing the true proposition is defective, at least from the standpoint of knowledge, insofar as his grounds for believing the true proposition include one or 2 For a detailed and acute survey of a wide variety of attempted solutions see Robert Shope, The Analysis of Knowing: A Decade of Research (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983) and his ‘‘Conditions and Analyses of Knowing,’’ in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology, ed.
As you walk down the hall you look in the doorway and seem to see a man in the room. ’’ Your perceptual belief is not formed on the basis of an inference. You simply look in the room and form the belief. Now suppose that what you saw was in fact an extremely realistic holographic image of a man. Still, given the realistic holographic image, it seems that your perceptual belief is justified. But now let’s suppose that your belief is also true À there is a man in the room. He’s simply not visible to you from the doorway.
By allowing such reconstructions, Goldman’s theory allows that what we know transcends what we perceive and what we remember. That seems clearly a merit of the theory insofar as we do know things which go beyond perception and memory. How would D12 deal with the Gettier problem? Consider Case 2 and Smith’s belief in (h), Jones owns a Ford or Brown is in Barcelona. Goldman notes that what makes (h) true is the fact that Brown is in Barcelona. But that fact is not causally connected to Smith’s belief in (h) in any 9 Alvin Goldman, ‘‘A Causal Theory of Knowing,’’ The Journal of Philosophy, 64, no.