By Anthony B. Cunningham
Its clever and delicate method of operating with area people can be appropriate in occasions in the course of the world.' ECOS 'The quite a few diagrams, tables of knowledge, info circulation charts, fieldwork sketches and so on. supply an excellent vibrancy to the work... It merits a large readership.' TEG information Wild or non-cultivated crops are an important to the lives of a big element of the world's inhabitants, offering inexpensive construction fabrics, gas, foodstuff supplementations, drugs, instruments and assets of source of revenue. regardless of their value, their vulnerability to harvesting and different social affects isn't really good understood. utilized Ethnobotany is the 1st sensible consultant to be released on the right way to deal with wild plant species sustainably. This unique handbook on wild plant assets units out the techniques and box tools fascinated about participatory paintings among conservationists, researchers and the first source clients. Supported via huge illustrations, it explains how local community can learn how to verify the pressures on plant assets and what steps to take to make sure their persevered availability. For all these excited about source administration judgements concerning plant species and variety, and specifically these learning or operating in conservation, rural improvement and park administration, this advisor is worthwhile. released with WWF, UNESCO and Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
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Extra resources for Applied Ethnobotany: People, Wild Plant Use and Conservation
Commonly used methods are: • • • • • • • • discussions with individual resource users; group interviews and discussions; rapid rural appraisal (RRA), participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and participatory assessment, monitoring and evaluation (PAME); social surveys using various sampling techniques and structured or semistructured interviews; participant observation; ethnobotanical inventory methods; sample surveys based on field records with local resource users; surveys of plants sold in local markets (see Chapter 3).
Questionnaire surveys are generally neither quick nor low-cost, so it is important that they are carefully designed. researchers to record detailed information on social and ecological issues, including seasonal changes in harvesting, thus avoiding the seasonal bias of short-term work. If carefully planned on the basis of preliminary studies, it can also incorporate studies on the response of selected plant species under different harvesting regimes where local villagers or resource users may be involved in harvesting experiments.
How accurate do you want to be? Fluctuations in volume of wild plant resources used, 16 with season, site differences of vegetation or markets as well as cultural factors, make estimates from short-term ‘snapshots’ difficult, and the results will be doubtful, whatever the short-term technique used. In the early 1980s, for example, I started a study of the palm-wine trade, developing appropriate forms and training local enumerators at four palm-wine sale points. All palm-wine sales were monitored (the sale days being Monday, Wednesday, Friday); as the first few months of data accumulated, I excitedly did rough calculations, extrapolating from monthly sales volumes to the whole year.