By Gordon B Avery; Mhairi G MacDonald; Mary M K Seshia; Martha D Mullett
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Additional info for Avery's neonatology : pathophysiology & management of the newborn
Microchemistry tests for most necessary parameters became widely available. Neonatal surgery was shown to be feasible for many congenital abnormalities, including serious cardiac defects. With the 1980s came the advent of computed tomography and ultrasonography. Significant concern centered around ventricular hemorrhages and consequent post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus in small premature infants. Transcutaneous electrodes became available first for measurement of oxygen and then for carbon dioxide.
Low-birth-weight is the single most accurate predictor of neonatal death. 8% in England and Wales.
Avery Rapid change has characterized neonatology since the name was coined in 1960 by Alexander Schaffer. Structurally, it can be compared with a tree (Fig. 1-1). Its roots—obstetrics, pediatrics, and physiology—began at the turn of the century. A sturdy trunk has developed in the intensive care nurseries (ICNs) scattered across the United States and around the world. The branches have spread so widely that it is difficult for a single person to be expert in all the areas of activity required for a tertiary neonatology service.