By Ann E. Killebrew
Historical Israel didn't emerge inside a vacuum yet relatively got here to exist along quite a few peoples, together with Canaanites, Egyptians, and Philistines. certainly, Israel's very proximity to those teams has made it tricky - in the past - to differentiate the archaeological strains of early Israel and different modern teams. via an research of the consequences from contemporary excavations in gentle of correct historic and later biblical texts, this ebook proposes that it's attainable to spot those peoples and hint culturally or ethnically outlined limitations within the archaeological list. gains of past due second-millennium B.C.E. tradition are seriously tested of their ancient and biblical contexts so that it will outline the advanced social barriers of the early Iron Age and reconstruct the varied fabric international of those 4 peoples. Of specific price to students, archaeologists, and historians, this quantity can also be a regular reference and source for college kids and different readers attracted to the emergence of early Israel.
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Additional info for Biblical Peoples And Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, And Early Israel 1300-1100 B.C.E. (Archaeology and Biblical Studies 9)
Vassos Karageorghis (1992b; 1994) suggests that, with the decline of Mycenaean centers in the Peloponnese, refugees from the mainland began to arrive on Cyprus and settle in preexisting Late Cypriot lIC towns, creating a continuous trickle of Mycenaean "refugees" that lasted perhaps for a century. Archaeologically, this is best reflected in the appearance of locally produced Mycenaean ceramic styles on Cyprus already in the Late Cypriot nc, continuing in larger quantities during the Late Cypriot IIIA period.
Both the textual and the archaeological evidence suggest that the political and economic structure of mainland Greece and its periphery (the Aegean Islands, and eastern Aegean coastal regions) differed from the empire-oriented Near East. 16 Mirroring political developments on the mainland, the second half of the thirteenth century on Crete was a period of upheaval. " More than a hundred settlements have been identified in defensible or remote locations; however, these sites are diverse and do not represent a single settlement pattern (Kanta 1980; 2001; Whitley 1991; Nowicki 2000; 2001; Haggis 2001).
Today the picture at the end of Late Cypriot II is not uniform throughout the island: some Cypriot sites were abandoned, some were continuously inhabited, and others were rebuilt. ), which were interpreted as representing the arrival of a new group of people referred to as Achaean Mycenaean colonists,23 appear already in the Late Cypriot lIC. 2s New interpretations have arisen in light of the revised picture on Cyprus at the close of the Late Cypriot lIC period. Vassos Karageorghis (1992b; 1994) suggests that, with the decline of Mycenaean centers in the Peloponnese, refugees from the mainland began to arrive on Cyprus and settle in preexisting Late Cypriot lIC towns, creating a continuous trickle of Mycenaean "refugees" that lasted perhaps for a century.