By U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec
Lately, the improvement of recent applied sciences has accredited the construction of 'functional' or 'smart' textiles. those materials are in a position to sensing adjustments in environmental stipulations or physique features and are properly responding to them. they may be able to take up ingredients from the surface or to unlock healing or beauty compounds. for example, they are often utilized in lingerie with an built-in cardio-on-line method or as textiles with service molecules. the point of interest of curiosity in biofunctional textiles lies at present at the use of textiles assisting remedy and prevention in dermatology. This quantity collects information regarding new traits within the interplay among textiles and the surface, relatively the improvement of antimicrobial-finished textiles. It offers a range of papers that allows you to give a contribution to additional consolidate the discussion among dermatologists, allergologists, biomaterial scientists and cloth engineers.
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Extra resources for Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin (Current Problems in Dermatology)
Berlin, Hirschwald, 1895. Munch R: Robert Koch. Microbes Infect 2003;5:69–74. Halstead WS: The operative treatment of hernia. Am J Med Sci 1895;110:13–17. Sollemann T: A Manual of Pharmacology. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1942, pp 1102–1109. Clarke AJ: General pharmacology; in Heffter A (ed): Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmacologie: Ergänzung. Springer, Berlin, 1937, p 4. Lansdown ABG: A review of the use of silver in wound dressings: facts and fallacies. Br J Nurs 2004;13(suppl):S6–S13. Lansdown ABG: Silver: its antibacterial properties and mechanism of action.
The low toxicity and antibacterial efficacy of sulphadiazine have been developed in a number of wound dressings using different vehicles and polymers (polyethylene glycol ϩ poly-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, liposomes, poly-L-leucine and cadaver skin). 75% silver sulphadiazine (Urgotul® SSD, Urgo-Parema Medical) is currently available and efficacious in treating acute and chronic wounds infected with a wide range of infections including MRSA . Silver sulphadiazine cream 1% (Flamazine®) is still widely used either alone or in combination with other silver dressings.
Antibiotic Action of Silver In his Manual of Pharmacology (1942) Sollemann  remarked that inorganic silver salts (especially nitrate) are astringent, caustic and antibiotic, that their action was readily controlled and their toxicity low. 5%) for treating skin infections and bacterial and fungal infections associated with respiratory disease, bone and joint surgery, prostheses, cardiac devices, eye lesions and transplant surgery. Research has led to a greatly improved understanding of the mechanisms of antimicrobial action of silver and the molecular and genetic basis for silver resistance in bacteria and fungi [8, 20].