By John Carmody, Jeffrey Christian, Kenneth Labs
This guide includes building info consultant of fine practices for the layout and install of power effective basement, move slowly area, and slab-on-grade foundations. This instruction manual is a fabricated from the U.S. division of strength construction Envelope platforms and fabrics (BTESM) study software headquartered on the Oak Ridge nationwide Laboratory. the foremost target of this learn is to paintings with developers, contractors, and development vendors to facilitate the truth of low in cost power effective partitions, roofs, and foundations on each construction. This guide is one among a dozen instruments made out of the BTESM software geared toward appropriate layout info in a usable shape in the course of the decision-making procedure. the development information are followed by way of serious layout info important for specifying structural integrity; thermal and vapor controls; subsurface drainage; waterproofing; and mildew, mould, smell, decay, termite, and radon keep watch over thoughts. one other beneficial function is a record which summarizes the most important layout concerns for every starting place variety "Y basement (Chapter 2), move slowly area (Chapter 3), and slab (Chapter 4). those checklists were came across to be very valuable in the course of the layout level and will be very worthy in the course of development inspection. beginning insulation is gaining reputation within the U.S. residential development undefined. Moisture and indoor air caliber difficulties brought on by defective beginning layout and development keep growing in significance. the cloth contained during this instruction manual represents feedback from a various team of an expert origin specialists and may support consultant the builder to origin platforms which are simply built and that experience labored for others long ago, and may give you the results you want sooner or later.
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Extra resources for Builder's Foundation Handbook
GYPSUM BOARD SUBFLOOR SEALANT, CAULKING OR GASKET (OPTIONAL) 10 RIGID INSULATION 5 PRESSURE-TREATED SILL PLATE 11 RIM JOIST Figure 2-9 illustrates a concrete foundation wall with exterior insulation. This differs from Figure 2-8 in that the above grade wood frame wall is constructed of 2 x 6's which overhang the foundation wall. The overhang can be up to 2 inches but additional rigid insulation can be added that extends over the entire wall assembly. Another minor difference is that this figure shows a sand layer beneath the floor slab.
O. C. MAX. 13 LOW PERMEABILITY SOIL (OPTIONAL) 3 CONCRETE FOUNDATION WALL 14 DRAINAGE MAT, INSULATING DRAINAGE BOARD, OR GRANULAR BACKFILL (OPTIONAL) 4 ISOLATION JOINT 15 RIGID INSULATION 5 DAMPPROOFING OR WATERPROOFING 6 4-IN. CONCRETE SLAB WITH OPTIONAL W. W. MESH 16 2-IN. SAND LAYER (OPTIONAL) 16 VAPOR RETARDER 17 FILTER FABRIC ABOVE GRAVEL (OPTIONAL ON SIDES AND BELOW) 7 COARSE GRAVEL 4-IN. PERFORATED DRAIN PIPE WITH HOLES FACING DOWN (OPTIONAL) 8 CONCRETE FOOTING 9 4-IN. GRAVEL DRAINAGE LAYER (OPTIONAL) 18 THROUGH WALL MOISTURE BARRIER / KEYWAY (OPTIONAL) 19 2-IN.
18. Gravel layer under slab: A 4-inch gravel layer should be placed under the concrete floor slab for drainage where local conditions suggest basement leakage may be a problem. (Optional) 19. Moisture barrier and wall/footing connection: The concrete wall should be anchored to the footing in one of three ways: (1) sufficient roughening of the top of the footing to prevent sliding, (2) by use of a keyway, or (3) by use of reinforcing dowels. A through-wall moisture barrier is recommended between a concrete wall and footing to prevent capillary draw.