By Benoît B. Mandelbrot, Chicca Galli
Benoît Mandelbrot è stato uno dei più grandi matematici del Novecento: il suo approccio visionario e assolutamente originale alla geometria ha aperto l. a. strada a un intero nuovo filone di ricerca noto come teoria dei frattali. Incurante delle iniziali diffidenze della comunità scientifica, ha dato forma a qualcosa in bilico tra il bidimensionale e il tridimensionale, colpendo l’immaginazione anche dei non matematici. Sempre fedele alla sua natura di spirito libero e anticonformista, ha inseguito in line with tutta l. a. vita il “sogno kepleriano” di unire conoscenze in campi diversi consistent with arrivare a una svolta epocale nelle scienze, realizzando quello che consistent with secoli è stato un sogno vano: misurare l’irregolarità della natura. Questo suo ultimo libro è los angeles riflessione finale, sincera e definitiva su un percorso intellettuale consistent with molte ragioni straordinario, ed è consistent withò soprattutto il messaggio di indipendenza e di libertà intellettuale di un “ribelle” che ha proceduto caparbiamente in una direzione diversa da quella degli altri consistent with tutta l. a. vita.
By Arthur E. Abney
By William R. Newman
Reputed to have played surprising feats in New England--restoring the hair and the teeth to an elderly girl, bringing a withered peach tree to fruit--Eirenaeus Philalethes used to be additionally rumored to be an adept possessor of the alchemical philosophers' stone. That the guy was once basically a legendary production did not cut down his acceptance a whit--his writings have been spectacularly winning, learn by way of Leibniz, esteemed by means of Newton and Boyle, voraciously fed on through numerous readers. Gehennical Fire is the tale of the fellow in the back of the parable, George Starkey.
Though nearly unknown this day and little famous in heritage, Starkey used to be America's most generally learn and celebrated scientist prior to Benjamin Franklin. Born in Bermuda, he got his A.B. from Harvard in 1646 and 4 years later emigrated to London, the place he speedy received prominence as a "chymist." thank you largely to the scholarly detective paintings of William Newman, we now be aware of that this is often just a small a part of a rare tale, that during truth George Starkey led lives. no longer content material just to post his alchemical works below the identify Eirenaeus Philalethes, "A peaceable Lover of Truth," Starkey unfold complex stories approximately his regulate ego, in influence giving him a lifetime of his own.
By Albert E. Moyer
In overdue nineteenth-century the United States, Simon Newcomb was once the nation's such a lot celebrated scientist and--irascibly, doggedly, tirelessly--he made the main of it. formally a mathematical astronomer heading a central authority business enterprise, Newcomb spent as a lot of his lifestyles out of the observatory as in it, appearing as a spokesman for the nascent yet restive clinical group of his time.Newcomb observed the "scientific technique" as a possible consultant for all disciplines and a foundation for all functional motion, and argued passionately that it used to be of as a lot use within the halls of Congress as within the laboratory. In so doing, he not just sparked well known aid for American technology but additionally faced a large spectrum of social, cultural, and highbrow concerns. this primary full-length examine of Newcomb strains the improvement of his religion in technology and levels over themes of serious public debate within the Gilded Age, from the reform of monetary idea to the recasting of the talk among technological know-how and faith. Moyer's portrait of a stressed, keen brain additionally illuminates the bustle of past due nineteenth-century the US.
By Stefan Klein
“What distinguishes scientists, on your eyes?”—Stefan Klein
“First and optimal, curiosity.”—Roald Hoffmann, Nobel Prize–winning chemist
When Stefan Klein, an acclaimed journalist, sits right down to speak with 18 of the world’s major scientists, he unearths they’re pushed via, especially, interest. after they discuss their paintings, they flip to what’s subsequent, to what they nonetheless wish to find. and so they see proposal all over: From the activities vehicle that physicist Steven Weinberg says helped him on his quest for “the idea of every thing” to the jazz musicians who gave psychologist Alison Gopnik new perception into elevating youngsters, they demonstrate how their paradigm-changing paintings entwines with their lives outdoors the lab. We listen from remarkable usual and social scientists, including:
- Evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins on ego and selflessness
- Primatologist Jane Goodall on chimpanzee behavior
- Neuroscientist V. S. Ramachandran on consciousness
- Geographer Jared Diamond on probability in history
- Anthropologist Sarah Hrdy on motherhood
- And cosmologist Martin Rees on how “ultimately we ourselves are stardust.”
By Marie Boas Hall
Henry Oldenburg, born in 1619 in Bremen, Germany, first got here to England as a diplomat on a project to work out Oliver Cromwell. He stayed on in England and in 1662 grew to become the Secretary of the Royal Society, and its most sensible identified member to the whole realized global of his time. via his wide correspondence, now released, he disseminated the Society's beliefs and techniques at domestic and out of the country. He fostered and inspired the skills of many scientists later to be way more well-known than he, together with Newton, Flamsteed, Malpighi, and Leeuwenhoek with whom, as with many others, he built actual friendship. He based and edited the Philosophical Transactions, the world's oldest medical journal.
His profession sheds new gentle at the highbrow global of his time, particularly its medical points, and at the improvement of the Royal Society; his deepest existence expands our wisdom of social mobility, the city society, and the non secular perspectives of his time.
By Robert L. Dorman
The careers and concepts of 4 figures of enormous value within the background of yankee conservation—George Perkins Marsh, Henry David Thoreau, John Muir, and John Wesley Powell—are explored in A observe for Nature. Robert Dorman deals full of life pix of every of those early environmental advocates, who witnessed firsthand the effect of monetary enlargement and business revolution on fragile landscapes from the forests of latest England to the mountains of the West. through analyzing the nineteenth-century international during which the 4 males lived—its society, economic climate, politics, and culture—Dorman sheds gentle at the roots of yank environmentalism. He offers an outline of the early a long time of either source conservation and desert renovation, discussing how Marsh, Thoreau, Muir, and Powell helped outline the problems that all started altering the nation's attitudes towards its setting via the early 20th century. Dorman's readings of works together with Marsh's guy and Nature, Thoreau's The Maine Woods, Muir's The Mountains of California, and Powell's document at the Lands of the Arid quarter demonstrate their authors' impression on environmental proposal and politics even as much as the current day.
By Hanno Rund, William F. Forbes
Issues in Differential Geometry is a suite of papers with regards to the paintings of Evan Tom Davies in differential geometry. a few papers speak about projective differential geometry, the neutrino energy-momentum tensor, and the divergence-free 3rd order concomitants of the metric tensor in 3 dimensions. different papers clarify generalized Clebsch representations on manifolds, in the neighborhood symmetric vector fields in a Riemannian house, suggest curvature of immersed manifolds, and differential geometry of completely actual submanifolds. One paper considers the symmetry of the 1st and moment order for a vector box in a Riemannnian house to reach at stipulations the vector box satisfies. one other paper examines the concept that of a soft manifold-tensor and the 3 forms of connections at the tangent package deal TM, their homes, and their inter-relationships. The paper explains a few explanation at the courting among a number of comparable recognized ideas within the differential geometry of TM, similar to the process of basic paths of Douglas, the nonlinear connections of Barthel, ano and Ishihara, in addition to the nonhomogeneous connection of Grifone. the gathering is appropriate for mathematicians, geometricians, physicists, and academicians attracted to differential geometry.