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By Copernicus, Nicolaus; Freely, John

In the spring of 1500, on the apex of the Renaissance, a papal secretary to the Borgia Pope, Alexander VI, wrote that ""All the area is in Rome."" notwithstanding not anyone knew it on the time, this incorporated a tender student by way of the identify of Nicolaus Copernicus who could someday swap the world.

One of the best polymaths of his or any age - linguist, legal professional, physician, diplomat, flesh presser, mathematician, scientist, astronomer, artist, cleric - Copernicus gave the realm arguably crucial clinical discovery of the fashionable period: that earth and the planets revolve round the sunlight and that the earth rotates on its axis as soon as each 24 hours. His heliocentric idea and the discoveries that might persist with ushered within the age of recent astronomy, referred to as the Copernican Age, and alter the way in which we glance on the universe ceaselessly.

Here, for the 1st time, is a biography of Copernicus that not just describes his theories however the lifetime of the fellow himself and the epic, exciting occasions within which he lived.

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His writings were influential in the transmission to medieval Europe of the basic parts of Aristotle’s logic and of elementary arithmetic. The grand plan envisioned by Boethius was to transmit, in Latin, the intellectual achievements of the ancient Greeks. ’ He also noted, in the introduction to his Arithmetic, a handbook for each of the disciplines of the quadrivium: arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and musical theory. indd 028 4/28/2014 12:59:25 PM A NEW AGE least five logical works by Aristotle, as well as translations of Euclid’s Elements.

The program of translation continued until the mid-eleventh century, both in the East and in Muslim Spain. By that time most of the important works of Greek science and philosophy were available in Arabic translations, along with commentaries on these works and the original treatises by Islamic scientists that had been produced in the interim. indd 027 4/28/2014 12:59:25 PM CELESTIAL REVOLUTIONARY scholars writing in Arabic were in a position to take the lead in science and philosophy, absorbing what they had learned from the Greeks and adding to it, hence beginning an Islamic renaissance, whose fruits were eventually passed on to Western Europe.

The program of translation continued until the mid-eleventh century, both in the East and in Muslim Spain. By that time most of the important works of Greek science and philosophy were available in Arabic translations, along with commentaries on these works and the original treatises by Islamic scientists that had been produced in the interim. indd 027 4/28/2014 12:59:25 PM CELESTIAL REVOLUTIONARY scholars writing in Arabic were in a position to take the lead in science and philosophy, absorbing what they had learned from the Greeks and adding to it, hence beginning an Islamic renaissance, whose fruits were eventually passed on to Western Europe.

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