By Se-Kwon Kim
Biopolymers present in marine animals and vegetation supply great, principally untapped pharmaceutical capability. examine indicates that those biopolymers can be utilized to strive against a variety of infectious in addition to inflammatory, oxidative, and carcinogenic elements. Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: organic actions and purposes covers the foremost features of those therapeutically worthwhile biopolymers and their derivatives, specifically, their houses, assets, construction, and purposes in nutrients technological know-how and know-how in addition to organic, biomedical, commercial, and agricultural fields.
Contains greater than a hundred Tables & Figures and more than 800 References
Written by way of forty foreign individuals who're top specialists within the box of traditional biomaterials, this ebook presents an summary of the assets and construction of chitin and chitosan derivatives. It additionally covers their:
- Physical and chemical aspects
- Structural ameliorations for biomedical applications
- Biological actions, specifically, antimicrobial, anti inflammatory, antioxidant, antihypertensive, anticancer, and antidiabetic activities
- Biomedical functions, together with their attainable implications as drug, vaccine, and gene carriers
- Industrial and agricultural applications
With their wide selection of functions, the area is calling to biopolymers to function the foundation for practical nutrients- and drug improvement. This booklet is a crucial source for these prime this effort.
Read Online or Download Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications PDF
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Additional info for Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications
The chitinous compounds content also depends on the type of fermentation and extraction method. An increase in chitinous material can be obtained either by increased biomass yield or by an increase in the cell wall content of chitin/chitosan. 1. Microbial Source Cultivation Media Cultivation Conditions, Type of Fermentation Yield, % Based on Dry Mycelia Weight Molecular Weight/DA M. rouxii YPG medium SmF, Erlenmeyer flasks, 28°C, 400 rpm 4%–8% chitosan —/6%–0% for chitosan M. 3% for chitosan M.
Tan et al. (1996) reported the chitosan production by 13 strains of Zygomycetes. 4 mg/200 mL substrate). However, the highest yield of chitosan per unit mycelia mass was obtained from C. 14%). 5 g/L of chitosan of medium. Pochanavanich and Suntornsuk (2002) reported the production of chitosan by four filamentous fungi and two yeast strains. R. oryzae TISTR3189 was the producer of the highest amounts of chitosan (138 mg/g dry weight). Wu et al. (2005) obtained higher yield of crude chitin from A.
Rhamnosus supplemented with 1% Fe(NO)3 as a mineral nitrogen source (Khanafari et al. 2008). An important effect of operational temperatures on the DM and DP was observed with 30°C–40°C considered most favorable for fermentation of shrimp waste using L. plantarum (Pacheco et al. 2009). Chitin deacetylase from Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, Mucor rouxii, Abisidia butleri, or Aspergillus nidulans may convert chitin from shell waste to chitosan (Kauss and Bauch 1988, Arcidiacono et al. 1989, Tsai et al.