By Keliu Shu
CMOS PLL Synthesizers: research and Design offers either basics and cutting-edge PLL synthesizer layout and research suggestions. an entire review of either system-level and circuit-level layout and research are lined. A 16mW, 2.4GHz, sub-2V, S D fractional-N synthesizer prototype is carried out in 0.35mm CMOS. It incorporates a high-speed and powerful phase-switching prescaler, and a low-complexity and area-efficient loop capacitance mulitplier, which elegantly take on velocity and integration bottlenecks of PLL synthesizer.
This e-book comes in handy as a PLL synthesizer handbook for either educational researchers and layout engineers.
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Extra resources for CMOS PLL Synthesizers: Analysis and Design
553-559, May 1993  W. Yan and H. Luong, "A 2-V 900-MHz monolithic CMOS dual-loop frequency synthesizer for GSM receivers," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, pp. 204-216, Feb. 2001  T. Kan, G. Leung, and H. 8-GHz fully integrated CMOS dual-loop frequency synthesizer," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 37, pp. 1012-1020, Aug. 2002  T. Aytur and J. K h o ~ ~ r "Advantages y, of dual-loop frequency synthesizers for GSM applications," in Proc. IEEE ISCAS'97, vol. 1 , Hong Kong, June 1997, pp.
In phase demodulation the PLL loop bandwidth is narrow, so that the VCO Chapter 2 output frequency foul tracks the input carrier frequency f,,, and 8,,,, is the average of 0,, . As shown before (see Figs. 2-7 and 2-10), with a frequency divider added between VCO and PD, the PLL's output frequency can be either an integer or a fractional times of the reference frequency. Like basic PLL's, frequency synthesizers are widely used in electrical engineering. It applications include frequency translation and channel selection in wireless and broadband communications, clock and data recovery in receivers, frequency or phase modulation and demodulation, detection in radar systems, special purpose instruments, and on-chip clock generation and synchronization for digital and mixed-signal IC's, etc.
169-170, Jan. 1998 A. Yamagishi, M. Ishikawa, T. Tsuneo, and S. Date, "A 2-V, 2-GHz low-power direct digital frequency synthesizer chip-set for wireless communication," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 33, pp. 210-217, Feb. 1998 A. Madisetti, A. Kwentus, and A. Willson, "A 100-MHz, 16-b, direct digital frequency synthesizer with 100-dBc spurious-free dynamic range," IEEE J. Solid-state Circuits, vol. 34, pp. 1034-1043, Aug. 1999 S. Mortezapour and E. Lee, "Design of low-power ROM-less direct digital frequency synthesizer using nonlinear digital-to-analog converter," IEEE J.