By Annie; Oldenziel, Ruth; Zachmann, Karin (editors) Canel
Girls engineers were within the public limelight for many years, but we've got unusually little traditionally grounded figuring out of the styles of employment and schooling of ladies during this box. so much experiences are both coverage papers or restricted to statistical analyses. furthermore, the scant ancient learn to this point to be had emphasizes the person, unmarried and distinctive personality of these girls operating in engineering, frequently utilizing anecdotal proof yet ignoring higher matters just like the styles of the labour industry and academic associations. Richly illustrated, Crossing barriers, construction Bridges deals solutions to the query why ladies engineers have required targeted allows to go through the male guarded gates of engineering and examines how they've got controlled this. It explores the variations and similarities among girls engineers in 9 nations from a gender perspective. via case reviews the ebook considers the mechanisms of exclusion and inclusion of girls engineers f
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Girls engineers were within the public limelight for many years, but now we have unusually little traditionally grounded knowing of the styles of employment and schooling of girls during this box. so much reviews are both coverage papers or restricted to statistical analyses. furthermore, the scant old examine to this point on hand emphasizes the person, unmarried and specific personality of these ladies operating in engineering, frequently utilizing anecdotal facts yet ignoring higher concerns just like the styles of the labour industry and academic associations.
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Extra resources for Crossing boundaries, building bridges: comparing the history of women engineers, 1870s-1990s
Nor did it resemble British engineering culture with its small firms, craft traditions, working-class associations, and kinship networks. 4 Compared to the profession in France and Russia, engineering in America was a relatively open affair: doors were opened early to newcomers from the lower classes and different ethnic backgrounds to staff rapid industrialization. There was neither a central agency or professional organization to certify engineers, nor a national educational system. 5 The openness of America’s engineering system had its limits, however.
Dorothy Tilden Hanchett first trained in civil engineering at the University of Michigan (’17). A. D. degrees at Columbia University (’27) and Logan College (’45) would help advance her career. Instead, she ended up at Battle Creek High School as head of the math department. In the aftermath of the First World War, Hanchett and many other highly qualified women found that government propaganda had been empty rhetoric. 35 The tactic of obtaining multiple degrees did not guarantee employment. In times of economic downturn, only government bureaucracy and highway projects could offer employment (badly paid) to academically trained women.
The newer institutions in the US were more welcoming than the established ones. Thus the co-educational land-grant institutions and state universities showed a more favorable attitude towards women’s higher education in engineering than privately owned and sex-segregated institutions such as denominational colleges, military academies, and high-status private schools. g. Purdue, MIT, Iowa State, Ohio State, Cornell, Berkeley, and the Universities of Washington, Illinois, Colorado, Michigan, and Kentucky) and many municipal universities (the Universities of Cincinnati, Louisville, New York, Houston, and Toledo) thus led the way in engineering education for women.