Download Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry - From Ancient Alchemy to by Bernard Jaffe PDF

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By Bernard Jaffe

This e-book is a vintage within the box of renowned technology. ordinary interpreting because the Thirties, it's one of many few historeis of chemistry to pay attention to the lives of the nice chemists. via those dramatic and human tales, it offers an authoritative and wonderful account of the good discoveries and advances during this clinical box. After many printings in 3 past versions, this publication has been newly revised through the writer for this fourth edition.
Beginning with Trevisan and his lifelong look for the "philosopher's stone," the writer narrates the lives and discoveries of such towering figures as Paracelsus and his chemical therapy of affliction; Priestley searching for phlogiston and discovering oxygen and carbon dioxide, Lavoisier making a new language of chemistry; Dalton and his Atomic thought; Avogadro and the assumption of molecules, Mendeleeff arranging the desk of parts less than his Periodic legislations; the Curies separating radium; Thomson researching the electron; Moseley and his legislations of Atomic Numbers; Lawrence and the development of the cyclotron; and extra. the most dramatic bankruptcy within the ebook, the account of the improvement of nuclear fission, ends the tale of chemistry at its such a lot enormous fulfillment. a last bankruptcy discusses a number of the outcomes of nuclear fission, the invention of nuclear fusion, and the hot paintings with subatomic particles.
Bernard Jaffe is the writer of many different technological know-how books and several other technological know-how textbooks. Upon the unique e-book of this e-book, Mr. Jaffe obtained the Francis Bacon Award for the Humanizing of information. the yank Chemical Society's heritage of Chemistry department venerated him in 1973 with its Dexter Award for "distinguished fulfillment within the historical past of chemistry."

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It was not very soluble, but some of it did mix with the water. " Appearing before the Royal Society he told that learned now know body of his discovery of what we soda water a very weak acid solution of carbon dioxide gas in water. The Royal Society was intensely interested, and he was asked to repeat his experiments before the members of the College of Physicians. He jumped at the opporhe asked some tunity, and as he bubbled the gas through water, as CRUCIBLES: 36 THE STORY OF CHEMISTRY of those present to taste the solution.

He was tempted but, fortunately, another clergyman objected to HTTI because of his religious principles. He stayed behind, and continued the great experiment that was to bring him lasting fame. Priestley's experiments with the different kinds of gases or airs, as he called them, had made him very proficient in the preparation and collection of these elastic fluids. Until his time, the various gases had been studied by collecting them first in balloonlike bladders. This was a method, and besides, clumsy the bladders were not transparent.

He, too, set fire to hydrogen in common air, and as the gas burned he placed a white porcelain saucer in the flame of the inflammable gas. " Cavendish heard from his friend Priestley, working away in his laboratory in Birmingham. On April 18, 1781, this preacher-scientist, using the spark of an electric machine, fired a mixture of common air and hydrogen in a closed thick glass vessel. " Cavendish's susbecame more and more confirmed. The facts seemed to be as clear as daylight. He went to his bottles and his bladders, his gases and his electrical machine to probe a great secret.

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