By Allan S. Myerson, Ken Toykura
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Extra info for Crystallization as a Separations Process
The photos of indentations by the Vickers pyramid i n a sodium chlorate c r y s t a l are presented i n Figure 2 and give an idea of r e s u l t i n g cracks and l i f t - o f f s . 6 N). In the case of potassium n i t r a t e the Vickers hardness indentat i o n s have not a quadratic shape. This i s due t o a d i r e c t i o n dependent hardness i n the c r y s t a l l a t t i c e of t h i s material. ch004 46 CRYSTALLIZATION AS A SEPARATIONS PROCESS 4. ch004 t i c e . The force-dependency o f the Vickers hardness isshown i n the p l o t i n Figure 3.
The force-dependency o f the Vickers hardness isshown i n the p l o t i n Figure 3. In the diagram there are two curves of the Vickers hardness r e s u l t i n g always from the same indentation image. The hardness values d i f f e r by a f a c t o r of two. The one curve r e s u l t s from the data o f the longer and the other from the shorter diagonal o f each intendation. This d i r e c t i o n dependency was so f a r only observed for the case of potassium n i t r a t e . Also the e f f e c t of impurities i n a c r y s t a l on the Vickers hardness was analysed.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Tai, C. ; McCabe, W. L . ; Rousseau, R. W. AIChE Journal 1975, 21, 351. ; Ulrich, J . Verfahrenstechnik 1980, 14, 815. Ulrich, J . D. Thesis, RWTH Aachen, Aachen FRG, 1981. ; Ulrich, J . In Industrial Crystallization 81; Jancic, S. ; de Jong, E. ; Elsevier: Amsterdam, 1981, p 313. Heffels, S. K. D. Thesis, TH Delft, Delft NL, 1986. Pohlisch, R. J . D. Thesis, TU München, München FRG, 1987. Offermann, H. ; Elsevier: Amsterdam, 1989, p 121. ; Pohlisch, J . Chem. Eng. Tech.