By Ashok Pandey, Carlos Ricardo Soccol, Christian Larroche
Over the interval of final 20 years, there was major resurgence in solid-state fermentation a result of a number of merits it deals, in particular within the engineering and environmental elements. SSF has proven a lot promise within the improvement of numerous bioprocesses and items. This resurgence received additional momentum over the last 5-6 years with the advancements in primary and utilized elements. a great deal of info has been generated in released literature and patented details. numerous advertisement ventures have arise in accordance with SSF in several components of the world.The contents are equipped into 4 components: half 1 bargains with the overall and basics points of SSF; half 2 bargains with the construction of bulk chemical substances and items resembling enzymes, natural acids, spores and mushrooms in SSF; half three is at the use of SSF for forte chemical compounds reminiscent of gibberellic acid, antibiotics and different pharmaceutically priceless secondary metabolites, pigments, and aroma compounds; half four offers with using SSF miscellaneous software akin to SSF for meals and feed purposes, agro-industrial residues as substrates in SSF and the creation of silage and vermicompost.
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Extra info for Current Developments in Solid-state Fermentation
Rate of metabolic heat (kcal/h) atomic ratio of nitrogen to carbon in a substance (dimensionless) rate of biomass synthesis (kg/h) rate of oxygen consumption or respiration rate (kg/h) rate of heat evolved in the process (kcal/h) rate of substrate consumption (kg/h) temperature of inlet air (~ temperature of outlet air (~ temperature of saturated air (~ time (h) mass velocity of air (kg dry air/h) cell mass produced in a particular time (kg) initial cell mass (kg) yield based on oxygen consumption (dimensionless) yield based on substrate consumption (dimensionless) I[ll % 1] ~t t~b O"s i~~ ....
3 using different available mathematical tools. A specific mathematical procedure can be found in the works of Kono and Asai (1969). Anyway, readers should keep in mind that the definitions given for the different phases could change according to different authors but their significance and proper mathematical definitions not. 3 MICROBIAL LOGARIHTMIC OR EXPONENTIAL GROWTH PHASE The microbial logarithmic or exponential growth phase is, as said before, the most important phase that distinguishes fermentation.
Customarily when it refers about specific growth rate with anymore specification, it refers to the specific growth rate that belongs to the logarithmic phase that is the maximum specific growth which can be attained due to particular conditions. All through this book this appraisal will be considered except when other indications are given. Certainly the specific growth rate (kt) is a function of several variables or factors such as: temperature, pH, substrate and in solid state fermentation of substrate moisture and water activity (aw).