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By Jørgen Møller

This booklet offers an advent to democratic concept and empirical examine on democracy and democratization. The e-book first examines conceptions of democracy from the origins in historical Greece to the current day, then tracks while and the place sleek democracy has constructed. in this foundation, the ebook studies the key debates and faculties of proposal facing household and overseas reasons and effects of democratization. according to a scientific contrast among minimalist and maximalist definitions of democracy, the e-book presents a complete and demanding evaluation of latest theories. additionally, utilizing a comparative, ancient standpoint, it not just sketches the advance within the conceptions of democracy and the corresponding empirical truth but in addition discusses even if causal relationships vary throughout sessions. ultimately, the ebook files the way all of this has been mirrored by way of the improvement in the literature. In doing so, the ebook bargains a coherent framework, which scholars and students can use to understand the literature on democracy and democratization as a whole.

Democracy and Democratization in Comparative Perspective could be of curiosity to scholars of political technological know-how, democracy and democratization, comparative politics, political idea, and overseas relations.

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Sample text

4 However, that does not alter the fact that – as a package – they represent an ideal measure for assessing reality; an ideal which we should constantly strive to approach (see Munck 2011). Dahl also points out that specific procedures cannot readily be derived from these criteria. Instead, he goes on to outline a number of institutions, which several countries have managed to achieve, that are necessary for obtaining the status as a modern representative democracy (Dahl 1989: 222). As Dahl reserves the concept of democracy – an ideal form of government – for regimes that live up to the fiveprocess criteria, he instead uses the term ‘polyarchy’ to refer to countries fulfilling the following seven procedural criteria (1989: 218–222): 1 Elected officials.

On the one hand, Dahl agrees with Schumpeter that democracy is not about self-development or reaching true solutions. On the other hand, he presents more comprehensive demands regarding the democratic process. First, all interests must be weighted equally. Second, all adults are generally sufficiently qualified to participate in the making of binding, collective decisions that impact upon their interests (Dahl 1989: 105). Dahl is of the opinion that there are weighty reasons to accept these assertions.

As Held (2006: 14–15) writes: The principle of government was the principle of a form of life: direct participation. And the process of government itself was based on . . free and unrestricted discourse, guaranteed by isegoria, an equal right to speak in the sovereign assembly . . Accordingly, the ancient democratic polis can be thought of as an attempt to enable men of different backgrounds and attributes to express and transform the understanding of the good through political interaction . .

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