By Konstantinos Tatas, Kostas Siozios, Dimitrios Soudris, Axel Jantsch (auth.)
This ebook covers key innovations within the layout of second and 3D Network-on-Chip interconnect. It highlights layout demanding situations and discusses basics of NoC expertise, together with architectures, algorithms and instruments. assurance specializes in topology exploration for either 2nd and 3D NoCs, routing algorithms, NoC router layout, NoC-based approach integration, verification and checking out, and NoC reliability. Case reports are used to light up new layout methodologies.
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Extra info for Designing 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip Architectures
3), the benchmarks can also be categorized as follows: Application benchmarks: The traffic at these benchmarks is generated either from programs, or models, which resemble real applications. These benchmarks evaluate the resources (both computational and communication) of entire platform. Consequently, given the target application(s), or application domain, these benchmarks can be employed from device architects in order to determine the most suitable architectural parameters for the target NoC.
Uniform Random: A node that is supposed to use this traffic pattern sends packets randomly to other nodes with an equal probability λ = 1/N , where N is the number of nodes in the network. A typical solution for providing such kind of traffic is with the usage of TGFF tool , which allows to define both the number of computational tasks, as well as the communication transactions. , the number of links from a source router to a destination router). This probability is computed as follows: 1 P(d) = A(D)×2 d , where D corresponds to the maximum distance in the network D 1 is a normalizing factor guaranteeing that the sum of all and A(D) = d=1 2d probabilities is equals to 1.
On the other hand, recently there is an increased interest for NoC simulation environments. These solutions provide a number of competitive advantages which enable designers to study the NoC under different topologies and operating conditions. Among others, by using simulation-based approaches it is feasible to model the entire NoC protocol stack, which allows designers to guarantee proper functionality for the communication infrastructure. Additionally, the opportunity to perform co-simulation between the network and the rest of the chip is very important in order to test the proper functionality of complex systems.