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Extra resources for Dimension Stone Use in Building Construction, (ASTM special technical publication, 1499)
Surprisingly, many overseas quarries do know what they are selling but this is not always conveyed to the purchaser in Australia. Unfortunately, there are also some overseas suppliers who see Australia as a target for dumping inferior material because of a perception that Australians have little expertise with respect to stone. Assuming the client and architect have agreed on a color and pattern for the stone, and between them the engineers and budgeting section have agreed on a size and quantity they go to tender ͑unless there is a preferred supplier͒.
Deflection, creep͒. However, this pattern requires rectangular units similar in shape to that of a household brick. In this pattern, static loads, dynamic loads, and torsion are distributed over several paving stones with forces acting in different directions. The stacker pattern of paving is usually restricted to domestic use and internal use where there are no stresses or substantial loads. It is the least desirable and least effective pattern for external paving. In some designs a circular pattern is demanded with square pavers.
Early tests relied on compressive strengths but the advances in processing the stone into slabs meant that there was a need to also test the stone in tension. , exfoliation͒. Tests have demonstrated that there can be a 30– 40 % reduction in the strength of certain granites due to the generation of thermal fractures ͓1͔. Sandstones ͑and to a lesser extent porous limestone͒ commonly show a substantial decrease in strengths ͑40– 70 % ͒ when saturated but, surprisingly, many granites yield test results that are higher than when the samples are tested in a dry state.