By Sandra Wieland
Dissociation in Traumatized kids and children presents a chain of targeted and compelling case experiences written through a few of the most desirable foreign specialists within the research of dissociation in youth. within the re-creation, chapters were up to date to incorporate dialogue of the newest findings in trauma and neuroscience in addition to Joyanna Silberg’s renowned affect-avoidance version. additionally, Sandra Wieland’s incisive commentaries on each one case research were up-to-date. every one bankruptcy offers an in depth narrative of a therapist's paintings with a baby or adolescent interspersed with the therapist's personal inspiration approach, and each therapist explains the idea and examine at the back of her scientific judgements. The case reports current many elements of operating with traumatized children―attachment paintings, trauma processing, paintings with the relations, interactions with the neighborhood, psychoeducation relating to dissociation, and encouragement of conversation among the dissociated parts―and offer a frank research of the problems clinicians stumble upon in quite a few healing occasions. whereas the ebook is phenomenal in its transparent and designated descriptions of conception regarding dissociation in childrens, most significantly, it illustrates how concept might be translated into winning healing interactions.
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Extra info for Dissociation in Traumatized Children and Adolescents: Theory and Clinical Interventions
Dissociation forms such a protection. , parent, abuser) and not consistent with the individual’s own way of being. When an individual, for example a child, is hit, the child is also observing the hitting. , 2007). At the same time, because of the shifts within both the brain and the autonomic nervous system (as discussed above on pp. 14–20), and possibly earlier contradictory learning (“hitting is not to be done”), this learning through observation/mirror neurons would not be able to be consolidated within the child’s basic sense of self, or within the child’s normally occurring behavioral repertoire.
Scaer (2005) described PTSD as an extreme response of the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system followed by an extreme parasympathetic response. With complex trauma, the shift from sympathetic hyperarousal to parasympathetic hypoarousal/dissociation becomes more immediate with the individual spending longer periods in dissociation (Scaer, 2005; Schore, 2009, 2012). Thus, PTSD and dissociation are often —but not necessarily—comorbid. They share risk factors with disruption of the attachment pattern being more relevant in dissociation.
In particular, chronic neglect of physical or emotional needs requires an infant or child to dissociate these needs from awareness. Witnessing violence within the family or in the community can place a child, first, in a state of hyperalertness and then in a state of psycho-biological withdrawal that can then Dissociation in Children and Adolescents 13 evolve into dissociation. Being removed from or experiencing the loss of the important parent figure (by actual loss or in some other manner, such as severe parental depression or parental drug use) also disrupts the child’s safety and can lead to dissociation.