Download Environmental Change in Lesotho: An Analysis of the Causes by Pendo Maro PDF

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By Pendo Maro

The goal of this e-book is to spot and examine the drivers of land-use swap and the implications of those adjustments at the livelihoods of rural land-users/managers. to complete this, a mixture of instruments from the social sciences and environmental fields have been constructed to spot explanations and effects of land-use switch at chosen degrees, utilizing a ‘nested’ procedure. those equipment have been then utilized to a case examine of villages in Maseru and Mohale’s Hoek districts within the Lowland quarter of Lesotho.

Based at the examine findings, key proximate drivers of land-use swap within the Lowland villages have been proven. those have been drought, loss of water, land mismanagement, HIV/AIDS and ‘dependency syndrome’. those have been acted on by means of underlying and different drivers to lead to significant alterations in land-use. The booklet bargains an figuring out of the activities of neighborhood land-users and bosses, and their responses to biophysical, social-political, environmental, HIV/AIDS and different stresses, giving an perception right into a household’s decision-making behaviour, measure of vulnerability and consequently their resilience and adaptive features and mechanisms.

This e-book is directed on the vast clinical and non-scientific viewers together with environmental and social technology specialists, researchers, decision-makers, and development/aid staff drawn to knowing the complex human-environment dating because it pertains to land-use swap in a altering biophysical, socio-economic, political and institutional context, coupled through HIV/AIDS, altering demographics, neighborhood perceptions and what's termed the following ‘dependency syndrome’.

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Additional info for Environmental Change in Lesotho: An Analysis of the Causes and Consequences of Land-Use Change in the Lowland Region

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Studies in dry land villages of Mali, Kenya and South Africa have found that changes in resource-use resulted in a net increase in overall production in these areas, with little apparent evidence of environmental degradation, concluding that: “The evidence of environmental change in these studies does not support the conservationist emphasis on environmental degradation in crisis narratives often promoted by development agencies in Africa” (Woodhouse 2003:11710). A recent International 24 2 The Wealth of Knowledge: Drivers and Consequencies of Land-Use Change Symposium ‘HighLand2006’ on land degradation and land rehabilitation recognized that rehabilitation of degraded lands was occurring in parts of the East African Highlands (Nyssen et al.

G. Muriuki, et al. 2005; Roddick 1994; Stringer et al. g. Angelsen et al. 1999; Mertens et al. g. Abdulai et al. g. Serneels et al. g. Kwesiga et al. g. Briggs et al. g. Solomon et al. g. g. g. g. g. land intensification) Land degradation Including; Soil erosion, nutrient leaching, desertification, reduced yields and productivity. Some effects: hunger, poor health, poverty Increased and sustained production Including; soil and water conservation and management improvements, sustainable adaptive innovations Fig.

1995). Population density, economic growth and societies in transition: Boserup reconsidered in a Kenyan case study. Development and Change, Volume 26. , & Gichuki, G. (1994). More people, less erosion: Environmental recovery in Kenya. Chichester: Wiley. Trivelli, C. (1997). Agricultural land prices. htm. Accessed 26 Oct 1999. Udo, R. K. (1982). The human geography of tropical Africa. London and Nairobi: Heinemann Ibadan. UNEP. (2002). Africa environment outlook: Past present and future perspectives.

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