Download Environmental justice analysis : theories, methods, and by Feng Liu PDF

Posted by

By Feng Liu

content material: bankruptcy 1 Environmental Justice, fairness, and rules --
1.1 Environmental Justice flow 1 --
1.2 Environmental Justice regulations five --
1.3 Environmental Justice research 10 --
bankruptcy 2 Theories and Hypotheses --
2.1 Theories of Justice and fairness 19 --
2.1.1 Utilitarianism 20 --
2.1.2 Contractarianism and Egalitarianism 22 --
2.1.3 Libertarianism 23 --
2.1.4 Which idea? 24 --
2.2 financial conception and placement idea 26 --
2.2.1 Externality and Public items 27 --
2.2.2 Welfare Economics 28 --
2.2.3 Residential place idea 30 --
2.2.4 business position conception 33 --
2.3 Theories of hazard 34 --
2.3.1 Psychometric idea 35 --
2.3.2 anticipated application thought 36 --
2.3.3 Cultural idea 36 --
2.3.4 Sociological idea 37 --
2.4 Theories of local swap 37 --
2.4.1 Classical Invasion-Succession version 38 --
2.4.2 local Life-Cycle version 39 --
2.4.3 Push-Pull version forty --
2.4.4 Institutional conception of local swap forty-one --
bankruptcy three technique and Analytical Framework for Environmental Justice and fairness research --
3.1 Inquiry and Environmental Justice research forty five --
3.1.1 Positivism and Participatory examine forty five --
3.1.2 medical Reasoning forty seven --
3.1.3 Validity forty seven --
3.1.4 Causality fifty one --
3.2 Methodological concerns in Environmental Justice learn fifty two --
3.3 built-in Analytical Framework fifty five --
bankruptcy four Measuring Environmental and Human affects --
4.1 Environmental and Human affects: techniques and techniques sixty one --
4.2 Modeling and Simulating Environmental hazards sixty five --
4.2.1 Modeling publicity sixty six --
4.2.1.1 Emission versions sixty seven --
4.2.1.2 Dispersion versions sixty nine --
4.2.1.3 Time-Activity styles and publicity versions seventy one --
4.2.2 Modeling Dose-Response seventy two --
4.3 Measuring and Modeling monetary affects seventy five --
4.3.1 Contingent Valuation technique seventy five --
4.3.2 Hedonic fee process seventy six --
4.4 Measuring Environmental and Human affects for Environmental Justice research eighty one --
4.5 Critique and reaction of a Risk-Based method of fairness research 86 --
bankruptcy five Quantifying and Projecting inhabitants Distribution --
5.1 Census ninety three --
5.2 inhabitants Measurements: who's deprived? ninety five --
5.2.1 Race and Ethnicity ninety six --
5.2.2 source of revenue ninety nine --
5.2.3 hugely weak of uncovered Subpopulations 104 --
5.2.4 Age a hundred and five --
5.2.5 Housing 107 --
5.2.6 schooling 108 --
5.3 inhabitants Distribution 108 --
5.4 inhabitants Projection and Forecast a hundred and ten --
5.4.1 equipment 111 --
5.4.2 selecting the right strategy 113 --
bankruptcy 6 Defining devices of study --
6.1 Debate on collection of Unit of study 117 --
6.2 Census Geography: recommendations, standards, and Hierarchy one hundred twenty --
6.2.1 simple Hierarchy: regular Geographic devices a hundred and twenty --
6.2.2 Non-Standard Geographic devices 126 --
6.3 Census Geography as a Unit of fairness research: Consistency, comparison, and Availability 128 --
6.3.1 Hierarchical courting and Geographic Boundary 128 --
6.3.2 Boundary comparison over the years 129 --
6.3.3 info Availability and comparison over the years 131 --
6.4 Census Geography as a Unit of fairness research: Which One? 133 --
6.5 replacement devices of study 139 --
6.5.1 in line with the Boundary of Environmental affects one hundred forty --
6.5.2 in keeping with the Boundary of Sociological local 141 --
6.5.3 in response to the Boundary of financial affects 142 --
6.5.4 in keeping with the Administrative/Political Boundary or Judicial evaluations 143 --
bankruptcy 7 examining facts with Statistical tools --
7.1 Descriptive facts one hundred forty five --
7.2 Inferential facts 149 --
7.3 Correlation and Regression 152 --
7.4 likelihood and Discrete selection types 156 --
7.5 Spatial information 157 --
7.6 functions of Statistical equipment in Environmental Justice stories 158 --
bankruptcy eight Integrating, reading, and Mapping information with GIS --
8.1 Spatial Measures and ideas 164 --
8.1.1 Spatials facts 164 --
8.1.2 Spatial info constitution 164 --
8.1.3 Distance a hundred sixty five --
8.1.4 Centroid a hundred sixty five --
8.2 Spatial Interpolation one hundred sixty five --
8.2.1 element Interpolation 166 --
8.2.2 Areal Interpolation 167 --
8.3 GIS-Based devices of research for fairness research 168 --
8.3.1 Adjacency research 168 --
8.3.2 Buffer research 168 --
8.4 Overlay and Suitability research 172 --
8.5 GIS-Based Operationalization of fairness standards 174 --
8.6 Integrating GIS and concrete and Environmental types one hundred seventy five --
bankruptcy nine Modeling city platforms --
9.1 Gravity versions, Spatial interplay, and Entropy Maximization 178 --
9.2 Deterministic software, Random software, and Discrete selection 181 --
9.2.1 Deterministic software and Optimization 182 --
9.2.2 Random software concept and Discrete selection 183 --
9.3 coverage review Measures 184 --
9.4 Operational types 186 --
9.5 Integrating city and Environmental versions for Environmental Justice research 191 --
bankruptcy 10 fairness research of pollution --
10.1 Air caliber 195 --
10.2 dating among Air caliber and inhabitants Distribution: Theories, equipment, and facts 199 --
10.2.1.1 Residential place conception and Spatial interplay 199 --
10.2.1.2 probability conception and Human reaction to Air caliber two hundred --
10.2.1.3 Theories of local alterations 201 --
10.3 Spatial interplay Modeling method of trying out Environmental Inequity 205 --
10.3.1 challenge Definition 205 --
10.3.2 speculation 205 --
10.3.3 tools: Spatial interplay Modeling utilizing DRAM 205 --
10.3.4 Index building and knowledge instruction 207 --
10.3.5 version Estimation 210 --
10.3.6.1 l. a. 213 --
10.3.6.2 Houston 215 --
10.4 fairness research of nationwide Ambient Air caliber criteria 219 --
10.4.3.1 Nonattainment parts as a complete 221 --
10.4.3.2 Spatial Distribution and neighborhood changes 223 --
10.4.3.3 urban vs. Non-City Nonattainment parts 230 --
10.4.3.4 significant Findings 233 --
10.4.3.5 Implications for Environmental coverage 234 --
bankruptcy eleven Environmental Justice research of dangerous Waste amenities, Superfund websites, and poisonous free up amenities --
11.1 fairness research of dangerous Waste amenities 237 --
11.1.1 harmful Wastes 237 --
11.1.2 fairness research of unsafe Waste amenities 238 --
11.1.2.1 Cross-Sectional nationwide experiences 239 --
11.1.2.2 neighborhood stories 247 --
11.1.3 Methodological matters 248 --
11.2 fairness research of CERCLIS and Superfund websites 250 --
11.2.1 CERCLIS and Superfund websites 250 --
11.2.2 Hypotheses and Empirical facts 252 --
11.2.3 Methodological matters 257 --
11.3 fairness research of poisonous liberate amenities 258 --
11.3.1 poisonous Releases stock 258 --
11.3.2 nationwide reviews and facts 261 --
11.3.3 neighborhood experiences and Methodological advancements 264 --
11.3.4 Methodological concerns 266 --
bankruptcy 12 Dynamics research of in the community undesirable Land makes use of --
12.1 Methodological concerns in Dynamics research 270 --
12.2 Framework for Dynamics research 273 --
12.3 Revisiting the Houston Case: speculation trying out 276 --
12.4 dialogue of different Hypotheses 279 --
12.4.1 Invasion-Succession speculation 279 --
12.4.2 Life-Cycle speculation 280 --
12.4.3 Push Forces: different Environmental dangers 282 --
bankruptcy thirteen fairness research of Transportation structures, tasks, Plans, and guidelines --
13.1 Environmental affects of Transportation structures 287 --
13.2 Incorporating fairness research within the Transportation making plans approach 288 --
13.3 Transportation procedure functionality Measures 291 --
13.4 fairness research of Mobility and Accessibility 292 --
13.4.2 utilizing Accessibility for fairness research 297 --
13.4.3 Empirical facts approximately Mobility Disparity three hundred --
13.4.4 Accessibility Disparity and Spatial Mismatch 302 --
13.5 Measuring Distributional affects on estate Values 304 --
13.6 Measuring Environmental affects 307 --
13.7 fairness research of Transportation guidelines 308 --
13.8 Environmental Justice of Transportation in court docket 311 --
14.1 Internet-Based and Community-Based instruments 315 --
14.1.1 EPA's Environfacts 315 --
14.1.2 LandView III 317 --
14.1.3 Environmental Defense's Scorecard (http://www.scorecard.org/) 318.

Show description

Read or Download Environmental justice analysis : theories, methods, and practice PDF

Similar environmental & natural resources law books

Documents in European Community Environmental Law

This is often the better half quantity to the second one variation of Philippe Sands' rules of overseas Environmental legislation and Sands and Galizzi's files in foreign Environmental legislations. It contains extracts from crucial EC Treaties, rules, Directives, judgements and different Acts of EC associations.

Cultivating Peace : Conflict and Collaboration in Natural Resource Management (2005)

Why does clash happen over using typical assets? How are exterior elements outfitted into neighborhood conflicts? What governing mechanisms are conducive to equitable and sustainable typical source administration by means of groups? while do neighborhood options for clash administration must be complemented or changed via exterior or new mechanisms?

The economics of regulation in agriculture : compliance with public and private standards

This paintings debates and investigates the the cross-compliance approach: the place farmers conform to convinced criteria when it comes to the surroundings, nutrition defense and animal and plant healthiness. It discusses cross-compliance within the context of present criteria, on-farm expenditures and the competitiveness of farm companies.

Economics for Environmental Professionals

Environmental execs are frequently known as upon to discover strategies to environmental degradation difficulties or to guide the best way in making plans to avoid them. simply because they arrive normally from the environmental and technology disciplines, such a lot environmental execs have constrained education within the basics of economics.

Additional info for Environmental justice analysis : theories, methods, and practice

Sample text

Egalitarians care very much about equity and cooperation rather than competition and freedom. The authoritarians in the hierarchical prototype rely on rules and procedures to cope with risks. Stratified individuals tend to be the most vulnerable to risks. Each cultural pattern emphasizes those risks “that reinforce the moral, political, or religious order that holds the group together” (Rayner 1992). In their work, cultural theorists take into account the relationship between equity and risks. ” The more inequitable the distribution of wealth within a society, the more danger and hazards the poor suffer.

This might increase the insecurity of individual residents and induce them to leave. Without necessary investments from both individual residents and corporate actors, the neighborhood would decline. This decline would continue after siting of LULUs. The LULU may contribute little to the neighborhood decline. 5 SUMMARY In this chapter, we have discussed several theories of justice and equity: the utilitarian notion of equity, Rawls’ theory of contractarian justice, the egalitarian notion of equality, and the libertarian notion of freedom.

Comparisons between pretest and posttest and between experimental and control groups tell us whether there is any effect caused by the stimulus. As will be shown in Chapter 12, this type of design can be used for dynamics analysis of environmental justice issues. Campbell and Stanley (1966) list four types of factors that may jeopardize external validity: the reactive or interactive effect of testing, the interaction effects of selection biases and the experimental variable, and reactive effects of experimental arrangements.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.27 of 5 – based on 12 votes