Download Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of by Robert Audi PDF

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By Robert Audi

This complete publication introduces the ideas and theories vital for knowing wisdom. It goals to arrive scholars who've already performed an introductory philosophy course.
Topics coated comprise conception and mirrored image as grounds of data, and the character, constitution, and different types of wisdom. the nature and scope of information within the the most important nation-states of ethics, technological know-how and faith also are considered.
Unique positive factors of Epistemology:
* presents a entire survey of easy recommendations and significant theories
* supplies an updated account of significant advancements within the field
* comprises many lucid examples to help ideas
* Cites key literature in an annotated bibliography.

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Read or Download Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy) PDF

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Extra info for Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy)

Example text

In addition to the question of how the theory can do justice to the causal element in perception, it faces a problem in accounting for hallucinations in which there is no object to appear to the person at all. I could, after all, hallucinate a green field when I see nothing physical at all, say because it is pitch dark or my eyes are closed. In such an empty hallucination – one that Perception 33 occurs despite my perceiving nothing – what is it that appears green to me? There is a plausible answer, but it is associated with a quite different theory of perception.

Second, suppose that seeing the bird did imply (visually) seeing it as something. Clearly, this need not be something one is justified in believing it to be (and perhaps it need not be something one does believe it to be). Charles might erroneously see a plainly black bird as blue, simply because he so loves birds of blue color and so dislikes black birds that (as he himself knows) his vision plays tricks on him when he is bird-watching. He might then not be justified in believing that the bird is blue.

It is true that when we see something, we see it by seeing some property or aspect of it; but it does not follow that we see it as having this property or aspect. I might see a van Gogh painting by its distinctive brush strokes, but not see it as having them because my visual experience is dominated by the painting as a whole. Someone might reply that if I see it by those strokes, I am disposed to believe it has them and so must see it as having them; but this disposition implies at most a capacity to see it as having them.

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