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By Michael Huemer

Epistemology: modern Readings is a complete anthology that attracts jointly major philosophers writing at the significant topics in epistemology. The ebook starts off with a longer advent by way of Robert Audi, one of many best specialists within the box of epistemology during which he units the level for the subjects of the reader. each one part is prefaced by way of an introductory essay by means of the editor. Works contain these by way of Russell, Hume, Berkeley, Quine, Carnap, Nozick, Putnam, Moore, Plato, BonJour, Coady, Carroll, Fumerton, Edwards, Foster, Howson, Urbach, range, Empiricus, Oakley, Alston, Gettier, Clark, Goldman, Lehrer, Paxson, DeRose, Dretske, Klein and Chisolm.

Part of the Routledge modern Readings in Philosophy sequence.

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Representationalism, also known as “indirect realism,” maintains that in perception, we are directly aware of certain internal, mental states or entities—referred to by various philosophers as “ideas” (Locke), “impressions” (Hume), “mental images,” or “sense data” (Russell)—and we are indirectly aware of external things (that is, our awareness of them depends on our awareness of the images). The mental images are usually said to be caused by external, physical objects/events and to “represent” the latter.

Locke gives an example of writing some words on a page. How can he tell that the written words exist outside of his mind? 36 George Berkeley, Of the Principles of Human Knowledge It is evident to any one who takes a survey of the objects of human knowledge, that they are either ideas actually imprinted on the senses; or else such as are perceived by attending to the passions and operations of the mind; or lastly, ideas formed by help of memory and imagination—either compounding, dividing, or barely representing those originally perceived in the aforesaid ways.

An interesting question to pose for her foundherentist view is whether the data supporting it can be accommodated by a moderate foundationalism in which (as would be normal) the principle that what best explains propositions we are justified in believing is itself prima facie justified. This is a principle on which, if one is perceptually justified in believing there is smoke pouring from a window, one thereby acquires justification for believing that there is a fire inside. The latter proposition certainly coheres with the former.

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