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By Linda Mart?n Alcoff

In addition to together with the vintage papers from the heritage of epistemology, this targeted, wide-ranging anthology offers crucial insurance of key modern demanding situations to that culture.

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I cannot believe that he was seduced by psychoanalysis, even as he celebrated the rupture that Freud's work represented. Could the victory that the analysand, listened to by the analyst, wins over censure seem to him to be pure of all resemblance to confession? Is the refusal of any attempt at corrective recuperation, which is the self-justification of psychoanalysis, always totally transparent? If the recognition of sexuality is to be credited to psycho1. See Robert Castel, "Les Aventures de Ia pratique," Le Debat, no.

Through a recurrence, which is strange only if madness is taken to exist prior to the practices that define and concern it, its situation becomes its nature" (F, p. 528). The closed space of internment is the concrete support for a pure theory of situation that will summarily express the profound nature of unreason: alienated because it is disgraced. A bit further on we see how the perception of situation becomes the essential vision. Foucault's goal is also to make us understand how the lines are drawn that open, close, or connect these two envisioned spaces.

Mr. Foucault cannot ignore that madness had always been, to some extent, an object of medical care. However, this medical care never enjoyed autonomy. If internment resulted from an administrative decision that hardly ever relied on medical expertise, it remained that juridical problems of interdiction, which did not cover those of internment, required the medical definition of criteria whose elaboration anticipated the subsequent analysis of psychopathology. In the prehistory of psychiatry, the subject of law is more important than the mentally deficient or sick man.

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