By Jan Apotheker, Livia Simon Sarkadi, Nicole J. Moreau
"I don't have any costume other than the only I put on on a daily basis. while you're going to be variety adequate to provide me one, please enable or not it's sensible and darkish in order that i will be able to placed it on afterwards to visit the laboratory", acknowledged Marie Curie approximately her marriage ceremony gown. in keeping with her lecture notes, Gertrude B. Elion is quoted a couple of many years later: "Don't be frightened of exertions. do not enable others discourage you, or inform you that you just cannot do it. In my day i used to be informed ladies did not move into chemistry. I observed no this is why we couldn't."
those quotations from well-known, Nobel Prize profitable chemists amply display the demanding situations that woman scientists some time past centuries have needed to triumph over; demanding situations which are nonetheless occasionally confronted through the present new release. They "must have the noblest braveness, fairly notable abilities and improved genius" wrote Carl Friedrich Gauss 1807 in a letter to mathematician Sophie Germain.
For the authentic publication to have fun the overseas 12 months of Chemistry, the ecu organization for Chemical and Molecular Sciences (EuCheMS) has selected one of many primary ambitions of the foreign yr: the contribution and position of girls in chemistry. This get together, that is the point of interest of eu ladies in Chemistry, takes us on a trip via centuries of chemical examine, concentrating on the lives of these remarkable ladies from precedent days to the present day who dared to check this topic, usually opposed to recommendation or societal expectancies.
those photographs emphasize the intense direction and character of those attention-grabbing girls, their significant contribution to chemistry, yet all within the context in their time and social setting. a few of these ladies, like Marie Curie and Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, are recognized and nonetheless recognized this present day. Others have contributed considerably to the advance of technological know-how and lived a good existence, yet are these days nearly forgotten. This ebook is a tribute to them all and a motivation for brand new generations to return to tread new paths, struggle for strange principles and regulate one?s personal destiny.
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Extra info for European Women in Chemistry
And Harvey, J. (eds) (2000) The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science. Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century, Routledge, Cambridge MA/London. org/pss/4028037 (accessed 25-2-2010). asp (accessed 25-2-2010). html (accessed 26-2-2010). pdf (accessed 25-2-2010). Julia Lermontova (1846–1919) Marianne Offereins Julia Lermontova was the ﬁrst woman in the world to obtain a degree in chemistry. Her contemporaries regarded her as one of the most important chemists of her time.
She changed her name to the French “Marie” and began her studies at the Sorbonne’s European Women in Chemistry. Edited by Jan Apotheker and Livia Simon Sarkadi Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim ISBN 978-3-527-32956-4 40 European Women in Chemistry Marie Curie ofﬁcial Nobel prize photograph, 1911. faculty of science as one of 23 women among 1825 students. Some of her teachers were France’s leading scientists, such as the mathematician Paul Painleve and the physicist Gabriel Lippmann.
As the years went by, continuing her chemist’s work became increasingly difﬁcult for her, but for many years she received in her salon well known scientists, including Cuvier, Berthollet, Humboldt and others. She died in Paris at the age of 77. As Marie Lavoisier’s scientiﬁc work was so closely intertwined with the work of her husband, it is difﬁcult to specify exactly what can be attributed to her. Together they brought a fundamental change, replacing the mysterious practices of the alchemists with systematic chemical principles.