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By J. M. Hinton

Somebody who has extra sympathy with conventional empiricism than with a lot of present-day philosophy may possibly ask himself: 'How do my studies supply upward thrust to my ideals approximately an exterior international, and to what quantity do they justify them?' He desires to refer, between different issues, to unremarkable reports, of a kind which he can't support believing to be so super universal that it'd be ridiculous to name them universal studies. He as a rule has in brain sense-experiences, and he thinks of them in a selected method. His mind set of them, approximately conversing as anything 'inner', is one on which fresh logico-linguistic philosophy has thrown a great deal of gentle. The correct unique suggestion of an event contrasts, between different issues, with a definite extra normal biographical suggestion of an event, which a few dictionaries point out by way of the definition, 'an occasion of which one is the subject'. This booklet explores the concept that of studies, targeting the disjunctions among notion and phantasm.

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Additional info for Experience: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities (Clarendon Library of Logic & Philosophy)

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6 A very young child or even a newborn baby can feel distress and start crying at the distress and crying of another child within hearing distance, and this operates via a kind of mimicry and also seems like a form of infusion or, as some like to say, contagion. But as a child develops conceptual/linguistic skills, a richer history of personal experiences, and a fuller sense of the reality of others, a more cognitively “mediated” form of “associative empathy” can be involuntarily aroused in response to situations or experiences that are not immediately present and are merely heard about, remembered, or read about.

Is such a person being open minded? Prett y clearly not. And what seems to be missing is any sort of genuine openness to the possibility that the other person is in some respects correct in his or her opinion, any kind of even minimal sympathy, therefore, with what the other person thinks. So I think real objectivity and open-mindedness require one to have or to be able to acquire a certain degree or amount of sympathy with what others think, and such sympathy clearly means having an at least somewhat favorable opinion of what others think.

And by and large, the Romantic revolution never really affected that kind of philosophy or its immediate intellectual forebears. In a way, that isn’t surprising. Philosophers have long used reason as their tool and have thought of rationality as our most important or essential gift (Aristotle defined humans as rational animals). There is therefore a strong persisting tendency among philosophers in the English-speaking world to accept some of the basic tenets of Enlightenment thought. And since the Enlightenment in many ways saw itself as carrying forward the rationalistic classical thought of ancient Greece and Rome, there has also been a tendency to accept the rationalism that the Greeks saw as grounding both science and morality or ethics.

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