By Robert Chartrand
Even if there are a good number of grammar books that designate the shape and that means of the English modal auxiliaries, there are few assets that supply examples as to what modals will be used, and within which circumstances, while touching on successive clauses. Modal auxiliaries are one of the so much tough buildings to coach to scholars of English as a moment or international language. a few combos of modals are customarily used than others, and pairs of modals are used to specific a selected which means. it isn't renowned, even if, precisely which mixtures of modals are extra well known. for that reason, a style to extract modal auxiliaries in consecutive clauses from the British nationwide Corpus 2007 XML version was once built and is mentioned during this ebook. Pair modal frequencies weren't renowned for the reason that easy string fit tools couldn't be used with embedded sentences, complicated sentences and compound sentences. This challenge used to be solved via defining ideas of sentence buildings to spot very important clauses wearing the most rules of sentences, extracting simply the $64000 clauses and calculating t-scores. A process used to be applied through the use of computational linguistic concepts for extracting, parsing, and simplifying sentences for newcomers to check using modal auxiliaries. Which collocational expressions are extra universal? what's the appropriateness of the consequences? newbies and educators could make use of those effects to achieve a greater knowing of modal auxiliaries, and to facilitate the method of training and studying English.
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Additional resources for Extraction and Analysis of Modal Auxiliaries in Consecutive Clauses from a Corpus
Verb inflection: Since the embedded verb is an infinitive, the verb inflections are limited to passive, progressive and the past tense. Active forms of the verb may occur with any type of modal, but passive forms are limited. Ability resides in the agentive subject, but the possibility of being acted upon resides in the object. Modals of permission and obligation remain deontic modals even in the passive. 12 Chapter Two Progressive forms require epistemic modals while non-progressive forms occur with any type of modal.
The relative clause, “who speaks French” does not necessarily include essential information for the main concept of this sentence. The relative clause “who speaks French” provides extra information about the subject “The boy,” therefore, this clause is deleted in the sentence simplification process. The resulting phrase is the main clause, x THE BOY IS MY BROTHER Extraction of Main Concepts 39 Case 1b: If a sentence contains a restrictive relative clause that modifies a noun phrase, then that clause is deleted.
Moreover, in the BNC there are numerous complex sentences that would be difficult for a learner to understand when simply trying to understand the meaning of a modal. It is neither necessary nor desirable for the learner to decipher the meaning of long complex sentences, thus it was decided that in this research project, the main idea in a sentence is identified and presented for the learner to process the modal auxiliary. x The British Aerobatic Team was somewhat saddened to read Mr. Thomas’s letter in the September Pilot, and the suggestion that the participation of the British Team in the World Aerobatic Championships was a self-indulgent jaunt could not be further from the truth.