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By Xiaotong Fei

This vintage textual content by means of Fei Xiaotong, China's best social scientist, used to be first released in 1947 and is Fei's leader theoretical assertion concerning the specified features of chinese language society. Written in chinese language from a chinese language perspective for a chinese language viewers, From the Soil describes the contrasting organizational ideas of chinese language and Western societies, thereby conveying the basic beneficial properties of either. Fei exhibits how those distinctive gains mirror and are mirrored within the ethical and moral characters of individuals in those societies. This profound, not easy publication is either succinct and obtainable. In its first entire English-language variation, it really is more likely to have a large impression on Western social theorists.

Gary G. Hamilton and Wang Zheng's translation captures Fei's jargonless, effortless kind of writing. Their advent describes Fei's schooling and occupation as a sociologist, the destiny of his writings off and on the Mainland, and the sociological importance of his research. The translators' epilogue highlights the social reforms for China that Fei drew from his research and recommended in a better half textual content written within the comparable period.

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Example text

I realized then the special character of rural society. What is filial piety? Confucius did not give an abstract explanation, but gave different answers to different students by describing concrete behavioral examples. Finally, he concluded that filial piety is simply a peaceful mind. Sons and daughters should become thoroughly familiar with their parents' 44 Special Characteristics of Rural Society personalities in the course of daily contact, and then should try to please them in order to achieve peace of mind.

One obtains a real sense of satisfaction from becoming thoroughly intimate with one's environment. In a society characterized by this level of familiarity, we achieve a level of freedom whereby we can do whatever we please without fear of violating the norms of the society. This type of freedom is unlike those freedoms defined and protected by laws. The social norms in a familiar society rest not upon laws but, rather, upon rituals and customs that are defined through practice; hence, to follow these norms is to follow one's own heart and mind (xin).

Stanford University Press, 1988), has recently "rediscovered" many of these points and has persuasively argued for a reconceptualization of power in China: liThe point is that these principles [of power] cannot exhaustively be understood by a single overarching system, such as the marketing system or any other system. Rather, together they form an intersecting, seamless nexus stretching across the many particular boundaries of settlements and organizations.... Organizations in North China ...

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