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Furthermore, information on low- and high-GI values of food might be important for athletes. , 1988). The GI of the carbohydrates consumed has been found to be of importance in this regard in some instances. , 1993). During exercise, combinations of multiple transportable carbohydrates may increase the total carbohydrate absorption and total exogenous carbohydrate oxidation (Jeukendrup & Jentjens, 2000). , 1991). The usefulness and application of a high-GI food after exercise must be considered in conjunction with the athlete's overall diet and should be reserved for occasions when maximizing post-exercise glycogen synthesis is critical.

Further research is needed to deepen the understanding on the relation between body-weight, the quality of dietary carbohydrates and dietary fiber. 2 Type 2 diabetes The first epidemiological study using GL as a variable was the Nurse’s Health Study published in 1997 by Salmeron and coworkers. It involved 65173 women. After six-years of follow-up using quintile analysis (lowest vs. highest) RR for type 2 diabetes was higher among those consuming high GI and GL diets, after adjustment for cereal fiber and energy 34 Glycemic Index intake as well as other non-dietary factors (Table 3).

Few epidemiological studies on GI and body weight are found. 1 Body weight A recent prospective observational study suggested an association between GI and body weight. 4 kg/m2) whose diets were evaluated by seven-day dietary recalls, collected quarterly over one year. , 2005). As those consuming low GI food are often consuming food rich in fiber, which is related to satiety, it is hard to relate the relationship seen entirely on the GI of the food. Further research is needed to deepen the understanding on the relation between body-weight, the quality of dietary carbohydrates and dietary fiber.

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