By Marjorie Kohli
"To hundreds of thousands of teenagers, emigration has been the golden bridge through which they've got handed from an it appears hopeless early life to lives of priceless provider and guaranteed convenience, during this new land." - Mr. G. Bogue clever, Inspector of British Immigrant young children and Receiving houses, 1915 Many hundreds of thousands of Canadians are descended from younger immigrants transported to Canada from 1833 to 1939. writer Marjorie Kohli has meticulously documented the outstanding tale of the elimination of hundreds of thousands of "waifs and strays" and younger women and men, basically from the united kingdom and eire. They braved the perilous voyage to an unknown destiny in Canada, finally being positioned in the course of the Maritimes, Ontario, Quebec and westward so far as British Columbia. the main accomplished source of its variety, The Golden Bridge grants to be an essential software for family members researchers with a "home baby" ancestor, and of curiosity to these unexpected with this point of Canadian background. This commonly researched publication comprises historical past aspect on firms and key organizers resembling Maria Rye, Annie Macpherson, Thomas Barnardo and William Quarrier, besides lesser knowns together with Ellinor shut and Charles younger. Marjorie Kohli is widely known for her years of energetic involvement with juvenile and baby migration concerns. Supported through charts, passenger lists and archival visuals, The Golden Bridge is a must-read for genealogists and historical past buffs alike.
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Extra info for Golden Bridge: Young Immigrants to Canada, 1833-1939
A man in his 6os, in 1874, he came to Canada at the request of the Local Government Board in London to inspect the work being done by agencies involved in the emigration of Poor Law children. On February 8,1875, he released his 40-page report. Doyle's report upset many, including some Canadian government officials. Children under the age of seven or eight were the ones who should be sent to Canada, according to Doyle. He complained of the heterogeneous character of children being sent to Canada.
Doyle Report and the Canadian Reaction By 1874, children had been coming to Canada under the auspices and sponsorship of various organizations for several years. The Local Government Board, which was responsible for workhouses and several other Government-run institutions in England, decided that it should inspect more closely the state of affairs in Canada with respect to the organizations taking inmates there. It was the custom in England to inspect Poor Law facilities on a regular basis and one of these inspectors, Andrew Doyle, was selected to make the trip to Canada.
Ontario even agreed to wave the school attendance clause of the Adolescent Act to allow the immigration into that province (the Act raised the school leaving age to 16). Under the Empire Settlement Act, boys and girls between 14 and 18 years of age could obtain assistance to come to Canada. With agencies such as Barnardo, Macpherson, Fegan and the Salvation Army already in place, however, they were called upon to assist, not just with children from their own homes, but with any youth who qualified under the Act.