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By Ronald H. Fritze

Providing the chronological environment for plenty of of Shakespeare's performs, a variety of swashbuckling novels from Sir Walter Scott's to Robert Louis Stevenson's, and such Hollywood movies as Braveheart, overdue Medieval England is superficially popular. but its precise complexity is still elusive, locked within the covers of specialised monographs and magazine articles. In over three hundred entries written by way of eighty students, this booklet makes the genuine info and old interpretations of the period on hand. overlaying political, army, spiritual, and constitutional topics in addition to social and fiscal issues, the amount is straightforward to take advantage of, finished, and authoritative. It offers an invaluable source for undergraduate and graduate scholars, students, and informed laymen.

Rightly characterised as an age of challenge, the 14th century observed the Hundred Years conflict, the Black dying, the Peasants' insurrection of 1381, the Avignon Papacy, and the good Schism of the Western Church. All positioned nice stresses on English society, tense outdated difficulties and growing new ones. within the overdue heart a while, parliament turned a huge aspect in English executive; Cambridge and Oxford universities attained European-wide reputations; and basic literacy elevated. The Church remained a paramount non secular, political, and social establishment, yet its independence and highbrow monopoly slipped. The entries during this publication synthesize fresh scholarship on those and different old occasions. whereas emphasizing political, non secular, constitutional and army themes, the e-book additionally presents short introductions to social, monetary, cultural, and highbrow issues. it's a worthy consultant for these wishing to appreciate this advanced, tumultuous, and until eventually lately, poorly understood era.

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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Late Medieval England, 1272-1485

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In fact, heraldry as a means of identifying the figures and as an art form of its own emerged midcentury. The Eleanor Crosses were commissioned as commemo- Art 31 rative markers for the 12 places where Queen Eleanor of Castile’s bier rested between Harby, Nottinghamshire, and Westminster, where she was buried. The styles of the crosses are not unified, since the commissions for the monuments were distributed to several masters who, in turn, contracted the work to members of their workshops. The period 1310–50 saw an increase of ornament and architectural context added to the brasses and effigies of the previous time.

Although the effigies are now damaged, they originally clasped hands. An important by-product of Anne’s marriage to Richard was increased enrollment at Oxford University by Czech students, some of whom Appellant, Lords 17 took the ideas of JOHN WYCLIFFE back to Bohemia, where they influenced the Hussite movement (see also LOLLARDY). BIBLIOGRAPHY: Nigel Saul, Richard II, 1997. Jo Eldridge Carney Appellant, Lords. The Lords Appellant is the name given to five lords who in the MERCILESS PARLIAMENT of 1388 appealed several of Richard II’s allies of treason.

Both lay and clerical books survive in number. Psalters for both wealthy laypersons and clerics; Bibles and sermon collections produced for the traveling mendicant preacher-scholars; books of hours and romances, again for the laity; university texts for students; law books for civil and canon lawyers—these are a selection of the books that remain. Many of the volumes for the preachers and students were clearly done by the owners; others were richly and profusely decorated with colors and gold or silver ornament.

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