By Anatoly Vinokur, Thomas Novotny, Joana Godinho, Hiwote Tadesse
HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in primary Asia: kingdom Profiles is a part of the realm financial institution operating Paper sequence. those papers are released to speak the result of the Bank's ongoing study and to stimulate public discussion.
The nations of relevant Asia are nonetheless on the earliest degree of an HIV/AIDS epidemic. even though, the sector is experiencing steep progress of latest HIV situations; comparable epidemics of injected drug use, sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis; a excessive percent of stripling within the overall inhabitants; and coffee degrees of information in regards to the epidemics. HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis may have devastating results on human capital, fiscal improvement, and overall healthiness method reform.
To tackle this imminent hindrance, the area financial institution has initiated the examine of HIV/AIDS, STIs, and tuberculosis in important Asia. This examine offers kingdom profiles that have been built to notify global financial institution administration and different stakeholders in regards to the major features of the epidemics. The profiles conceal epidemiology; strategic and regulatory frameworks; surveillance; preventive, diagnostic, and remedy actions; non-governmental and associate actions; and on hand assets. The record summarizes the most matters pointed out through this preliminary evaluation and recommends additional learn and motion.
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Extra resources for HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia - ISBN: 0821356879
USAID/CDC estimates that the implementation of the DOTS strategy in Kazakhstan saved approximately 13,000 lives during the period 1998–2001. Due to overcrowding and poor ventilation and nutrition in the prisons, reported TB incidence and TABLE 12. TB PREVALENCE mortality rates were significantly higher in the prison RATES BY OBLAST sector than in the general population (30 and 9 times, (per 100,000 population) respectively) (Table 11). However these figures represent a significant improvement since 1997.
Funding In 2001, the Government allocated about $370 million to the health sector (about $25 per capita per year), and out-of-pocket expenses for the population were $28 million (about $2 per capita per year). The Government estimates the costs of the HIV/AIDS Program at about $150 million for the period 2001–2005. 7 million. However, funding is not actually disbursed, and most of the AIDS regional centers carry out their prevention programs through grants from NGOs and bilateral organizations.
A network of Narcology Dispensaries deals with treatment and rehabilitation of drug users, but these programs are not able to provide sufficient services to the growing number of IDUs, nor are they sufficiently integrated into surveillance systems or VCT programs. Preventive, Diagnostic, and Treatment Issues The National AIDS Center only recently established contact with Dermatology and Venereal Disease Dispensaries that provide diagnosis and treatment of STIs. However, there are numerous problems in providing services to highly vulnerable populations such as CSWs and to vulnerable populations such as youth through such institutions.