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By Martin Barker

Unwell results is a thorough second look of the entire 'media results' debate. It questions not just even if the media is in a position to without delay influencing people's perspectives and activities, but additionally no matter if the assumption of 'effects' is the main priceless method of conceptualising the connection among the media and audiences. in poor health results seems to be on the the explanation why the media are oftentimes blamed for bad occasions similar to the murders of James Bulger and Suzanne Capper and the Hungerford bloodbath, in addition to for perceived tendencies corresponding to the alleged 'death of the relatives' and the increase of 'yob culture'. The authors' crisis is going past person circumstances: they talk about the advance and present nation of play of analysis into media results, the awesome energy of 'common-sense' notions of media results and how within which the consequences factor has turn into embroiled in debates approximately freedom of expression and censorship. They recommend how audiences relatively reply to media texts, and argue that there's an pressing desire for trained and interdisciplinary methods to the research of the media.

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Extra info for Ill Effects: The Media Violence Debate (Communication and Society (Routledge (Firm)).)

Sample text

Then comic books. Then television, video, video games, computers, and most recently the Internet. The litany of threats is remarkable for the way each new medium was cited as marking a virtual collapse of civilisation. But not only did no one think to check or research these claims, or wonder at their extravagance when they could pass so regularly into history; but in fact the claims are mutually contradictory. When ‘penny dreadfuls’ were attacked, a major part of their danger was the fact that they were found ‘on the streets’—they were the street literature of their time.

What judgement could be based on this—that we should ban even the word ‘paedophilia’, lest it stimulate the desires? In the third case, a women is ‘induced’ to suicide by a film. Not by the violence of the film (of which there is some, and very disturbing it is, too), but by a sense of deep shame when she relates the film to her own and other Jewish people’s lives. Yet curiously my suspicion is that, however sad her death, the judgement would be that this only proves the worth and quality of the film.

My proposal is that we need to research how different segments of the public develop their category ‘media violence’, and what they mean by it. 2 In a study of children’s responses to violence, a Dutch researcher found that children simply do not think of cartoons as violent at all though they agree generally with adults’ concerns and estimates about violence (see Morrison, 1993 for details; see also Buckingham, 1996). While media researchers tend to count ‘incidents of violence’, it seems that the children follow the story-lines, and are always aware of the kind of film or programme they are watching.

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