By United Nations University
In recent times there was turning out to be knowledge significant reason behind the worsening international atmosphere is the failure to create enough institutional responses to totally deal with the scope, value and complexity of environmental difficulties. a lot of the feedback directed on the international associations has enthusiastic about the need for larger coordination and synergism between environmental associations, rules and criminal tools, and the necessity for ways that take higher account of the inter-relationships among ecological and societal structures. This booklet seeks to fill the space in wisdom and policy-making that exists, really in foreign legislation.
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Extra resources for Interlinkages and the Effectiveness of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
58 With this mandate, the IEG group set to work on coming up with a number of recommendations for the GMEF to be fed into the WSSD. In total, six sessions took place from April 2001 until the ﬁnal meeting was held in Cartagena in February 2002. The level of documentation was impressive and the group considered many possible reforms, including the upgrading of UNEP to a specialized agency, the clustering of MEAs and a means of stabilizing UNEP’s ﬁnancial base. 59 The ﬁnal recommendations represent this cautious approach to institutional change.
This reform has continued and was evident in the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development process and its follow-up. The purpose of this chapter is to recount the processes and initiatives over the course of the past three decades of environmental and, subsequently, sustainable development policy-making. Efforts focused on creating effective institutions for environmental protection and sustainable development through stronger coordination and interlinkages between UN organizations, which has helped lay the foundation for understanding the current framework for environmental governance.
UNGA (1997) Report of the Secretary-General: Renewing the UN, A Programme for Reform, A/51/950 (14 July). 36. UNSG (1997) Letter of Transmittal to President of General Assembly, (14 July 1997) contained in Report of the Secretary-General: Renewing the UN, A Programme for Reform, A/51/950 (14 July). 37. Ibid. ENVIRONMENT-SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES 29 itself in its role in implementing Agenda 21. As the UN Ofﬁce of Internal Oversight Services, the auditors of UN activities, observed: ‘‘The basic issue facing UNEP concerns its role following the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.