By Nicholas Wolterstorff
This ebook discusses the ethics of trust that Locke constructed within the final ebook of his Essay: how we should govern our reviews, in particular on concerns of faith and morality. Wolterstorff exhibits that this predicament used to be instigated via the cave in of a once-unified ethical and spiritual culture in Europe into warring factions. After providing Hume's robust assault on Locke's instructed perform, Wolterstorff argues for Locke's originality and emphasizes his contribution to the "modernity" of post-sixteenth-century philosophy.
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Additional info for John Locke and the Ethics of Belief
So how are we to interpret him? It appears to me that in practice Locke thought of the combinatory predicative act of composing a proposition as not necessarily involving belief or affirmation; one can, as it were, perform the act in the entertaining or withholding mode. T h a t is how I shall interpret him. But Locke himself never recognizes the issue. , p. 3 1 2 , n. 1 3 . i 4 Rationality in everyday life T h e q u e s t i o n arises: O f w h a t sorts o f facts c a n w e h u m a n b e i n g s b e d i r e c t l y a w a r e ?
M e n t a l a c t s a n d m e n t a l o b j e c t s a r e self-presenting, p e r h a p s a l o n g w i t h the m i n d itself. T h e r e m a i n d e r o f r e a l i t y c a n b e t h o u g h t a b o u t o n l y b y the m e d i a t i o n o f m e n t a l o b j e c t s w h i c h , w h i l e t h e m s e l v e s d i r e c t l y p r e s e n t to the m i n d , r e p r e s e n t i t e m s o f n o n - m e n t a l r e a l i t y not d i r e c t l y p r e s e n t . I t w o u l d d i s t r a c t us from o u r m a i n p u r p o s e to try to p u z z l e o u t L o c k e ' s t h o u g h t s c o n c e r n i n g the nature o f m e n t a l r e p r e s e n t a t i o n .
K n o w l e d g e a n d b e l i e f r e p r e s e n t the exercise of f u n d a m e n t a l l y different faculties: T h u s the mind has two faculties, conversant about truth and falsehood. First, knowledge, whereby it certainly perceives, and is undoubtedly satisfied of the agreement or disagreement of any ideas. Secondly, judgement, which is the putting ideas together or separating them from one another in the mind, when their certain agreement or disagreement is not perceived, but presumed to be so.