By Michael Korzec
Examines the guidelines of labour reform in China, with specific connection with occupational inheritance, versatile labour potency salary and company behaviour.
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Extra resources for Labour and the Failure of Reform in China
Do not obey normal instructions; 5. Take bribes, steal, gamble, practise graft in a way not warranting criminal charges; 6. Stir up trouble for no reason, fight, thereby disrupting public order; 7. Commit other grave errors. Those who have been notified of their dismissal for the above-mentioned reasons can contest this decision within 15 days after receiving notice, by appealing to the local commission for settling labour disputes, or take the case to the local court. 109 As a matter of fact they are essentially the same as the rules valid from 1957.
Regular staff and workers were also affected by these massive reductions in numbers. 113 The laying-off of workers and closing of factories existed in China before, under a different name, and even a kind of 'unemployment pay' existed under the label of tinggong gongzi (work interruption wage) equivalent to 75 per cent of the original wage. 42 Labour and the Failure of Reform in China Despite all the talk about the breaking of the 'iron ricebowl', no regular workers of state enterprises have become peasants or unemployed as a result of new labour policies in the 1980s.
42 On 26 January 1953 the Labour Ministry promulgated additional changes in the Labour Insurance Regulations. One of the changes provided for occupational inheritance (the term dingti was not used in the document) in the case of a worker dying or becoming totally disabled in a work-related accident or sickness. The provisions apply to: (1) work-related accidents; (2) situations where enterprises need extra workers; (3) situations in which one of the next of kin of the worker is ablebodied. Under such circumstances, the personnel department of the state enterprise or 'the capitalist' (private enterprises and private-public Joint Ventures existed in China until 1956 and in a revised fonn even until 1966) has to provide employment to a direct relative (zhixi qinshu) of the worker.