By Angela Ki Che Leung
Angela Ki Che Leung's meticulous learn starts off with the classical annals of the imperial period, which comprise the 1st descriptions of a feared and stigmatized affliction sleek researchers now determine as leprosy. She then tracks the connection among the sickness and China's social and political spheres (theories of contagion brought on neighborhood and statewide efforts at segregation); non secular traditions (Buddhism and Daoism ascribed redemptive aspiring to these being affected by the disease), and evolving clinical discourse (Chinese medical professionals have contested the disease's etiology for centuries). Leprosy even pops up in chinese language folklore, attributing the unfold of the contagion to touch with immoral women.Leung subsequent locations the heritage of leprosy right into a worldwide context of colonialism, racial politics, and "imperial danger." A perceived international pandemic within the past due 19th century looked as if it would make certain Westerners' fears that chinese language immigration threatened public future health. accordingly struggling with to include, if no longer do away with, the illness grew to become a vital project of the modernizing, state-building tasks of the overdue Qing empire, the nationalist govt of the 1st 1/2 the 20 th century, and the People's Republic of China. Stamping out the curse of leprosy used to be step one towards reaching "hygienic modernity" and erasing the cultural and monetary backwardness linked to the ailment. Leung's ultimate stream connects China's adventure with leprosy to a bigger historical past of public wellbeing and fitness and biomedical regimes of strength, exploring the cultural and political implications of China's Sino-Western method of the sickness. (1/1/10)
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Extra resources for Leprosy in China: A History (Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University)
In this medical classic, names and categories of disorders are expressed and discussed more methodically and in more concrete terms. Chao begins the book with two chapters on Wind-induced disorders, fully indicating their dominant position in the nosological hierarchy already implied in the Inner Canon. IS The two chapters listed fifty-nine types of symptoms caused by the effect of Wind. Of these, the last eleven types, beginning with type forty-nine, were related to the dafeng category as described in Divine Pivot of the Inner Canon.
A cured lai patient can still restore his physical appearance, whereas a cured feng patient loses his original vital energy forever. Those who die of lai are few whereas most die of feng. "68 Here Shen seems to imply that patients of feng will have Ii symptoms at a later stage, whereas patients of simple lai and not feng had a less-serious case and could survive longer. One can say that by the sixteenth century, medical experts agreed that dafeng lai was of the same category but having two main subtypes of similar apparent symptoms, one being more serious than the other.
Ge Hong employed the term lai for a disorder having the following symptoms: ''At 23 [ LI / LAI / DAFENG / MAFENG the beginning, there is numbness of the skin, or a feeling of agonizing itchiness as if worms were creeping [on the skin J. Or the vision is blurred by lines like falling silk. Persistent red or black skin eruptions may appear:'28 In this fifth chapter on essentially skin diseases and various kinds of swelling, Ge Hong considers numbness of the skin a specific symptom of lai, but he makes no mention of the corruption of bones and limbs, or of the falling out of hair and eyebrows.