By Pietro S. Nivola
''Federal guidelines have made nice development maintaining the surroundings. yet these guidelines occasionally have imposed inordinate bills on neighborhood governments.'' coping with eco-friendly Mandates describes a number of federal environmental directives which are ill-suited to stipulations on the neighborhood point and that compel groups to spend their sales on decreasing rather minor hazards to public healthiness. whereas the government has imposed far-reaching specifications on neighborhood professionals, it truly is supplying them much less relief to conform with its more and more stringent criteria. the load of these underfunded mandates can create additional monetary hardships for plenty of fiscally overextended municipalities.
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Extra resources for Managing Green Mandates: Local Rigors of U.S. Environmental Regulation
97. Steve Twomey, “Court Upholds EPA in Fighting Dirty Air Crossing Boundaries,” Washington Post, March 4, 2000, p. A4. 98. See Portney, “Environmental Policy,” pp. 375–76. 99. GAO, Superfund, p. 39. 100. S. General Accounting Office, Safe Drinking Water Act: Progress and Future Challenges in Implementing the 1996 Amendments (January 1999). How well the benefit-cost analysis has been performed in practice for recent rules, such as the radon issue, is another matter. See Hahn and Burnett, The EPA’s Radon Rule.
248. 77. Quoted in Charles Warren, A History of the American Bar (Buffalo: William S. Hein, 1990), p. 217. 78. Melnick, Regulation and the Courts, pp. 9–12. 79. William Glaberson, “Novel Antipollution Tool Is Being Upset by Courts,” New York Times, June 5, 1999, p. A1. 80. As of this writing, environmental groups have won court orders compelling the EPA to secure state TMDLs in 13 states. Complaints or notices to sue have been filed in 21 additional states. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, TMDL Litigation by State (January 1999).
Scientists Find Greater Cancer Risk in Dioxin,” New York Times, May 18, 2000, p. A24. 39. Some 20,000 lawyers have been actively engaged in Superfund litigation. Marc Landy and Mary Hague, “The Coalition for Waste: Private Interests and Superfund,” in Michael S. Greve and Fred L. , Environmental Politics: Public Costs, Private Rewards (Praeger, 1992), p. 78. 40. S. Conference of Mayors, Recycling America’s Land: A National Report on Brownfields Redevelopment, vol. 3 (February 2000), pp. 9–10. ” 41.