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By Barbara R. Stein

At a time whilst girls couldn't vote and intensely few have been taken with the area outdoor the house, Annie Montague Alexander (1867-1950) was once an intrepid explorer, beginner naturalist, expert markswoman, philanthropist, farmer, and founder and purchaser of 2 typical heritage museums on the collage of California, Berkeley. Barbara R. Stein provides a luminous portrait of this extraordinary lady, a pioneer who contributed to shaping the area of technological know-how in California, but whose identify has been little recognized in the past. Alexander's father based a Hawaiian sugar empire, and his nice wealth afforded his adventurous daughter the chance to pursue her many pursuits. Stein portrays Alexander as a posh, clever, lady who--despite her frail appearance--was made up our minds to accomplish anything together with her existence. in addition to Louise Kellogg, her companion of 40 years, Alexander amassed millions of animal, plant, and fossil specimens all through western North the USA. Their collections function a useful list of the wildlife that have been starting to disappear because the West succumbed to spiraling inhabitants development, urbanization, and agricultural improvement. at the present time a minimum of seventeen taxa are named for Alexander, and a number of other others honor Kellogg, who persevered to make box journeys after Alexander's dying. Alexander's dealings with scientists and her encouragement--and funding--of ladies to do box examine earned her a lot admiration, even from people with whom she clashed. Stein's broad use of archival fabric, together with excerpts from correspondence and diaries, permits us to determine Annie Alexander as a prepared observer of human nature who enjoyed girls and believed of their functions. Her legacy endures within the fields of zoology and paleontology and in addition within the lives of ladies who search to stick with their very own big name to the fullest measure attainable.

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Extra resources for On Her Own Terms: Annie Montague Alexander and the Rise of Science in the American West

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Even by today’s standards, his unconventional attitudes about women and their place in society appear enlightened. The idea doubtless proceeded from the simple belief that she would prove the perfect companion on such an expedition. 5p. STEIN, On Her Own Terms 7/12/01 9:59 AM Page 35 4 Africa, 1904 It came as no surprise to Samuel’s family and friends when he announced plans to embark on an African safari in the summer of 1904. Neither did the inclusion of Annie. If the invitation surprised her, she gave no hint of it.

Increasingly, she exhibited her father’s restless passion for adventure. Oakland, however, did offer Alexander one incalculable benefit—its proximity to the newly established University of California in the neighboring town of Berkeley. Although Alexander could not quite come to terms with her life in the city, her introduction to the university in the fall of 1900 marked a turning point. The paleontology classes she began attending that semester did much more than simply stimulate her mind: they introduced her to fieldwork and a justifiable means of escape from her oppression.

Samuel and Pattie were planning to spend the fall of 1900 in New York City and the winter in India, leaving their daughter virtually alone in the big house on Sixteenth Street. Annie hoped to persuade Martha to travel to California to be with her. She wrote pleadingly, “I want you! Won’t you come spend the fall and winter with me? What inducements can I offer? ”23 At Alexander’s plaintive urging, Beckwith agreed. She herself seemed to be experiencing a hiatus. She had returned unexpectedly from Europe the previous spring and did not wish to resume teaching immediately, or at least did not feel compelled to do so.

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