Download Pedigree: How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs by Lauren A. Rivera PDF

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By Lauren A. Rivera

Americans are taught to think that upward mobility is feasible for somebody who's keen to work flat out, despite their social prestige, but it's always these from prosperous backgrounds who land the easiest jobs. Pedigree takes readers at the back of the closed doorways of top-tier funding banks, consulting businesses, and legislation agencies to bare the reality approximately who particularly will get employed for the nation’s highest-paying entry-level jobs, who doesn’t, and why.

Drawing on ratings of in-depth interviews in addition to firsthand commentary of hiring practices at a few of America’s so much prestigious businesses, Lauren Rivera exhibits how, at each step of the hiring method, the ways in which employers outline and assessment benefit are strongly skewed to prefer task candidates from economically privileged backgrounds. She unearths how choice makers draw from principles approximately talent—what it really is, what top signs it, and who does (and doesn't) have it—that are deeply rooted in social classification. showing the “right stuff” that elite employers are trying to find involves substantial quantities of monetary, social, and cultural assets at the a part of the candidates and their parents.

Challenging our so much loved ideals approximately collage as an exceptional equalizer and the task marketplace as a degree taking part in box, Pedigree exposes the category biases equipped into American notions concerning the most sensible and the brightest, and indicates how social prestige performs an important function in picking who reaches the pinnacle of the commercial ladder.

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Even its most ardent supporters were aware at the outset that issues such as the war on terror or less grand but equally intrusive issues such as energy policy would make it impossible to apply such lofty ideals in practice with any great degree of speed or consistency. The administration’s enemies would inevitably seize upon such inconsistencies as evidence of “double standards” or “hypocrisy”. What value is there really, many have asked, in setting out a strategy for the democratization of the world, while the Bush administration stands shoulder to shoulder with the likes of President Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan?

An important element of civil society are independent structures of social, political and economic research, or think tanks, which inform and influence the public debate on developments in a given country. In Belarus today, few such independent institutes remain. As soon as a think tank achieves a certain degree of visibility and influence, it is either closed down or taken over by the authorities and their cronies. The Independent Institute for Socio-Economic and Political Studies and the Sociological Laboratory Novak are most noteworthy.

In one attempt to offer justification to the blatantly rigged presidential election, the authorities even spoke about civil society coming out strongly in support of the existing regime – a clear admission by the authorities that they were aware of the potential and importance of civil society. Civic organizations can be and have been closed down or condemned to financial ruin using a variety of different methods including politically motivated tax swoops and fines for holding unauthorized seminars or distributing non-registered information materials.

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