By Sejin Park
An exam of the proof that the pageant of Weeks used to be the social gathering for the get together of the renewal of the covenant within the moment Temple interval, encompassing chapters at the Hebrew Bible, publication of Jubilees, Qumran Scrolls, and the hot testomony (Luke-Acts and Ephesians).>
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Extra resources for Pentecost and Sinai: The Festival of Weeks as a Celebration of the Sinai Event (Library Hebrew Bible Old Testament Studies)
Tigay, Deuteronomy (JPS Torah Commentary; Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1996), 156. 3 3 This appears to be consistent with the story of Ruth, which depicts one continuous season of harvest from the beginning ofthe barley harvest to the end of the wheat harvest (Ruth 1:22; 2:23). Jacob Milgrom, however, argues that the Festival ofWeeks marks the beginning, not the end of the wheat harvest. He notes the following points. First, the Gezer Calendar only holds true for the Gezer region (located in the southern Shephelah) where grain could ripen early; other regions had different harvest times, as the rabbinic literature attests.
Freedman and Simon (Midr. Rab. 4) suggest that the concern is with Ruth being pregnant by her former husband, but given the context, this seems unlikely. The concern seems to be rather that Ruth has been impregnated by one of the male servants (she does, after all, end up seducing Boaz in 3:6-14). Ruth 1:22 indicates that Naomi and Ruth arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest, and 2:23 indicates that Ruth gleaned with Boaz's maids until the end of the barley and wheat harvests. Since Ruth's verbal slip happened on the first day, and furthermore, since we are told that she stayed by Boaz's maids the rest of the harvest, the only possible moment she was in moral jeopardy was the first day.
LiiVJlJliiVJlJ 29 .. ~1 o;;>7"1'o;J~ oQ'QJ;J1i»P,B. in-ry~Q1-~'Q~D n~~ ;~~Q " 26 And on the day of first-fruits, when you present a new grain offering to YHWH in your weeks; it shall be for you a holy convocation. You are to do no laborious work. 27 And you shall present a burnt offering for a soothing aroma to YHWH, two bulls from the herd, one ram, seven male lambs one-year-old, 28 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil, three-tenths for the one bull, two-tenths for the one ram, 29 one-tenth for each of the seven lambs, 30 one male goat to make atonement for you.