By Hilary Levey Friedman
"Many mom and dad paintings extra hours outdoors of the house and their lives are crowded with extra duties than ever ahead of; many childrens spend their evenings and weekends checking out for all-star groups, touring to nearby and nationwide tournaments, and consuming dinner within the motor vehicle whereas being shuttled among actions. during this brilliant ethnography, in response to virtually 2 hundred interviews with mom and dad, young ones, coaches and teachers, Hilary Levey probes the rise in kid's participation in actions outdoor of the house, dependent and monitored by way of their mom and dad, while relations time is so scarce. because the parental "second shift" keeps to develop, along it a moment shift for kids has emerged--especially one of the center- and upper-middle classes--which is suffused with pageant instead of mere participation. What motivates those specific mom and dad to get their teenagers focused on aggressive actions? mom and dad' basic main issue is their kid's entry to top of the range academic credentials--the largest bottleneck status within the approach of, or facilitating access into, club within the upper-middle category. aggressive actions, like activities and the humanities, are visible because the crucial proving flooring that might transparent their kid's paths to the Ivy League or different comparable associations through assisting them to boost a aggressive habitus. This trust, encouraged either through truth and via conception, and formed through gender and sophistication, impacts how mom and dad envision their kid's futures; it additionally shapes the constitution of kid's day-by-day lives, what the youngsters themselves take into consideration their lives, and the aggressive landscapes of the actions themselves"-- Read more...
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Extra info for Playing to win : raising children in a competitive culture
Formal competition ensured the boys’ continued participation since they wanted to defend their team’s record and honor. 19 In 1914 the New York version became part of the city’s Board of Education. By 1910 seventeen other cities across the United States had formed their own competitive athletic leagues modeled after New York City’s PSAL. Settlement houses and ethnic clubs soon followed suit. The number of these boys’ clubs grew rapidly through the 1920s, working in parallel with school leagues.
But that money is not only spent on tuition. 33 For many kids, extracurricular life is focused on athletics and other organized games. 34 Even though this boost is far from guaranteed, parents are willing to hedge their bets. Participation in competitive activities is especially appealing in honing skills that will matter in the more weighty tournaments to come, because these proving grounds look like recreation. While parents in 14 Introduction many Asian countries encourage their kids to spend countless hours hitting the books in English schools abroad or in cram schools at home,35 many American parents prefer to shroud the honing process in activities that can be—and are generally experienced as—fun.
USYS explicitly focused on organizing leagues and tournaments for what are known as elite or travel soccer club teams. 75 These traits are characteristic of the professionalization seen in various children’s athletic activities. Another way youth soccer has tried to professionalize, which is noteworthy among kids’ activities, is that they require all coaches— even volunteer parent coaches in recreational leagues—to get a license to coach. This rule is mandated by the national organizations. Such licenses go from A to F, with A being the most advanced, certifying someone to coach at an international level.