By Tatu Vanhanen
This ebook offers the main broad comparative survey of the kingdom and stipulations of democracy ever made. It makes a speciality of 172 modern states, with ancient info at the measures of democracy and on explanatory variables extending again to the 1850s. It provides a complete exploration of democratization, its successes and screw ups, making predictions at the customers for democracy for unmarried international locations and for seven areas of the world.As good as offering empirical analyses of democratization at the foundation of Vanhanens's source distribution thought of democratization and making predictions at the customers, the ebook comprises contributions from 5 commentators, Mitchell A. Seligson on Latin the United States, Samuel Decalo and John W. Forje on Africa, John Henderson on Oceania and Ilter Turan on why a few of the countires that move Vanhanen's democratic threshold can't in truth be obvious as democracies. the amount additionally contains an introductory bankruptcy which examines and compares different theoretical interpretations of democratization.Prospects for Democracy should be crucial examining for all critical scholars of comparative politics and democracy.
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Extra info for Prospects of Democracy: A Study of 172 Countries
Different words and expressions are used in the definitions of democracy reviewed above, but it seems to me that the content of those definitions is more or less the same. I agree with the principles of democracy expressed in those definitions. Consequently, I could summarize the conceptualization of democracy used in this study as follows: Democracy is a political system in which different groups are legally entitled to compete for power and in which institutional power holders are elected by the people and are responsible to the people (cf.
Lipset used a simple classification for democracies and dictatorships, but he used different criteria for European and non European countries. His main criteria of European democracies were the uninterrupted continuation of political democracy since the First World War and the absence over the past twenty-five years of a major political movement opposed to the democratic ‘rules of the game’. For Latin America his less stringent criterion was whether a given country had had a history of more or less free elections for most of the post-First World War period.
He thinks that this kind of conceptualization of democracy is generally accepted and incontestable (Beetham 1992:40; see also Beetham 1993). I agree that there is a spectrum of political systems from democracies to non democracies. 30 Tatu Vanhanen Bhikhu Parekh (1992), however, argues that democracy has been defined and structured within the limits set by liberalism and that western liberal democracy cannot claim universal validity. He says that for the liberal, ‘democracy therefore basically means a form of government in which people wield the ultimate political authority, which they delegate to their freely chosen representatives and which they retain the right to withdraw if the government were grossly to violate its trust’.