By Kristina DuRocher Ph.D.
White southerners well-known that the perpetuation of segregation required whites of every age to uphold a strict social order -- specifically the younger contributors of the subsequent new release. White teenagers rested on the center of the procedure of segregation among 1890 and 1939 simply because their participation was once the most important to making sure the way forward for white supremacy. Their socialization within the segregated South deals an exam of white supremacy from the interior, showcasing the culture's efforts to maintain itself by way of educating its ideals to the subsequent generation.
In elevating Racists: The Socialization of White kids within the Jim Crow South, writer Kristina DuRocher unearths how white adults within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries regularly strengthened race and gender roles to keep up white supremacy. DuRocher examines the practices, mores, and traditions that educated white youngsters to worry, dehumanize, and disdain their black acquaintances. elevating Racists combines an research of the remembered reports of a racist society, how that society motivated kids, and, most vital, how racial violence and brutality formed transforming into up within the early-twentieth-century South.
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Extra info for Raising Racists: The Socialization of White Children in the Jim Crow South
The roles of white youth during the high-water mark of segregation reflect a change from previous attempts to uphold white supremacy and differ from those implemented after World War II. With the onset of the Second World War, southern whites’ overt racial ideology altered, as both white and black southerners fought against global tyranny and confronted racial persecution. After 1945, Americans turned a critical eye to race relations in the United States, and maintaining and justifying segregation became politically and socially difficult for white southerners.
Often the authors fixate on the process of their youthful socialization in an effort to trace out the development of their social consciousness. By writing about their childhood experiences with whiteness and their body, southern reformers portray their denunciation of white supremacy as something that set them apart from the bigoted, segregationist world in which they passed from childhood into adulthood. 32 White southern autobiographical narratives share the common theme of the writers recognizing their socialization, experiencing a racial awakening, and renouncing white supremacy.
2 White southerners interpreted this call to safeguard their children differently than did those from other regions. In contrast to the efforts of Victorian-era northerners to offer their progeny a cosseted childhood, white southerners policed their children’s early encounters with blacks as necessary for the preservation of white supremacy, ensuring their social and economic security. Parents’ regulation of the social spaces for eating, sleeping, and playing demonstrated to southern white children both the process of and the necessity for controlling African Americans at any cost.