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By Clifford Alan Hooker

This publication develops a brand new naturalist thought of cause and clinical wisdom from a synthesis of philosophy and the hot sciences of advanced adaptive platforms. specifically, the idea of in part self-organizing regulatory platforms is now rising as crucial to all of the existence and social sciences, and this ebook exhibits how those rules can be utilized to light up and satisfyingly reconstruct our simple philosophical recommendations and ideas. Evolutionary epistemology offers a unifying topic for the publication. it truly is taken as featuring a few vital commonality among cognitive organic and cognitive epistemic methods. right here, that commonality is located through embedding either in a standard version of complicated adaptive process dynamics. New reconstructions are provided at the theories of Jean Piaget, Karl Popper, and Nicholas Rescher which convey how their rules are extra deeply illuminated from this attitude not like the formal rationalist interpretations general between philosophers and scientists.

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Individual rationality and rational scientific method alike, for example, are standardly seen as reducible to logical inference of some kind; the psychology and sociology (economics and politics) of decision making are at best formally irrelevant, merely part of the ''implementation" of the formal program; at worst are the sources of causally interfering factors reducing rationality. But those who think in these terms are effectively locked into the dominant analytic philosophy paradigmphilosophy as logical analysisinherited from the positivists and 1ogicists early this century and expressed in the artificial intelligence (AI) model of cognition from the 1970s, the simple formal logical programming machine.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What Is It to Naturalize Reason? II. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Conclusion 342 Notes 343 Bibliography 387 Name Index 409 Subject Index 415 Page xiii Acknowledgments The essays that form chapters 4-6 of this book were drafted during 1986-1989. During that time I benefited from discussions with Kai Hahlweg on evolutionary epistemology and with Norton Jacobi on Everything (from Buddhist trance states to limbic system function). These chapters were written into a first book draft during a research leave in 1990 during which I was the recipient of generous material support, scholarly criticism, and friendship, all from the department of philosophy, University of Western Ontario; I am especially grateful to Bob Butts, department chairman, for that.

3 One can always insist on epistemically accessible truth conditions, say by arguing that any others are meaningless (cf. empiricists) or confused (cf. idealists); these arguments aren't convincing, displaying instead just the kind of anthropocentrism from which naturalism is the best protection. For if anything exists not logically or conceptually bound to cognition, then it is an open theoretical issue what exactly exists and how it is best known. Hence for naturalism all is fallible theory, from the lowliest factual claim to the highest metaphilosophical principle.

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