By Richard T. Cupitt
First released in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
Read Online or Download Reluctant Champions: U.S. Presidential Policy and Strategic Export Controls, Truman, Eisenhower, Bush and Clinton PDF
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Extra info for Reluctant Champions: U.S. Presidential Policy and Strategic Export Controls, Truman, Eisenhower, Bush and Clinton
97 Examining the rich data of the four cases for potential antecedent conditions, such as existing policies, domestic institutions, international norms, and grand strategies, the cross-case comparison should provide nuanced theoretical insights. At the very least, it should help describe the balance of economic, military, and political choices made in developing United States grand strategy at the beginning and at the end of the Cold War. S. export control policy in a manner that should prove useful to scholars and policy makers alike.
70 Even though the focus here is on the United States, these forces are likely to be inﬂuential in the other countries that cooperate with the United States on export control issues. Virtually all of these states are rich, democratic countries with a powerful (if not always dominant) national bureaucracy. Having made similar bureaucratic and political commitments, they too will resist change. 71 More concretely, Japanese law ties export controls on dual-use items to the presence of international export control arrangements.
76 Britain, France, Japan, and the United States even sent troops to Russia, shedding blood and expending treasure against the Bolshevists. Through their respective navies and war trade bureaucracies, Britain, France, Italy, Japan, and the United States dedicated and applied resources, however brieﬂy, to the task of restricting trade. Nonetheless, the victorious allies eventually halted the embargo, although many governments refused to recognize the new government (even after Soviet representatives attended the Locarno conference in 1922, signaling Russian interest in exercising a voice in the world community).