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By Robert Nola (auth.)

Do wisdom and technological know-how come up from the appliance of canons of rationality and medical process? Or is all our medical wisdom attributable to socio-political components, or by way of our pursuits within the socio-political - the view of sociologists of "knowledge"? Or does it end result from interaction of kin of strength - the view of Michel Foucault? Or does our wisdom come up from "the will to strength" - the view of Nietzsche? This quantity units out to severely study the theses of these who might debunk the assumption of rational explanation.

The e-book is wide-ranging. The theories of approach to Quine, Kuhn, Feyerabend (amongst others) are mentioned and relating to the perspectives of Marx, Foucault, Wittgenstein and Nietzsche in addition to sociologists of technology akin to Mannheim and Bloor. the writer offers a large interpretative framework which hyperlinks the doctrines espoused through a lot of those authors; it's argued that they inherit some of the problems within the robust Programme within the sociology of "knowledge", and they fail to reconcile the normativity of information with their naturalism. it's argued that neither relativists, sceptics, nihilists, sociologists of "knowledge" nor the postmodernists effectively debunk the claims of rational clarification, faraway from it: those theorists presuppose a lot of the idea of method they deny.

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Additional info for Rescuing Reason: A Critique of Anti-Rationalist Views of Science and Knowledge

Sample text

But it is hard to see how any substantive principle of method of the sort mentioned in the previous section could be established in this way from the bare possibility of science. So such a Kantian approach, even though it is a priori in character, is rather empty. A second a priori approach would be to show that just as there are a priori grounds for legitimating deductive inferences, so there are a priori grounds for legitimating the non-deductive inferences used in science. Since science uses both deductive and non-deductive patters of inference, then its accompanying second-order tradition would be legitimated.

4. 1 SOLVING THE LEGITIMATION PROBLEMlo A Priori Approaches to Legitimation There are many proposals for legitimating principles of method that take us to the heart of epistemology, some features of which will be followed up later in this, and the next, chapter. What will be provided here is a brief thumbnail sketch of two broad approaches to legitimation that have been taken: the a priori and the empirical. There are several a priori approaches, one of which is Kantian. , that there must be some appropriate and correct theory of method.

218) . In support of his views Popper offers two putative examples of science for consideration. The first is that of a clairvoyant who produces a book full of hitherto unknown revolutionary science that results from a dream process, or 26 RESCUING REASON CHAPTER 1 from automatic writing. Subsequently scientists, using their usual methods, vindicate the contents of the book. Did the clairvoyant produce a scientific book? Suppose the contents of the book are true, and were believed by the clairvoyant; further, suppose that the book even contains justifications for the claims made that are correct.

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