By Dr. Joseph J. Zorc MD MSCE, Dr. Elizabeth R. Alpern MD MSCE, Dr. Lawrence W. Brown M.D., Kathleen M. Loomes MD, Bradley S. Marino MD MPP MSCE, Dr. Cynthia J. Mollen MD PhD, Dr. Leslie J. Raffini MD MSCE
Prepared through leader criticism, this complete, pocket-sized instruction manual for scientific scholars and citizens covers the prognosis and administration of greater than eighty universal difficulties present in teenagers, concentrating on indicators, differential prognosis, laboratory review, and numerous treatments for every challenge. scholars and citizens observe that the key strengths of this publication are its clarity and straightforwardness of use. It includes the correct quantity of aspect and emphasizes high-yield subject matters that seem on end-of-rotation and in-service assessments and very is helping direct one's pondering method.
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Additional info for Schwartz's Clinical Handbook of Pediatrics
Palpation HINT: For crying children, palpate immediately on inspiration. The child often will relax his abdominal musculature for a moment. Abdomen Palpation of the abdomen is best done on inspiration and on deep expiration. Place one hand on the patient's back and the other on the abdomen. First palpate lightly, then deeply. Start in the left lower quadrant and continue in a clockwise manner. If any area seems tender, palpate that area last. Rigidity (a tense abdomen) can indicate a surgical condition but is sometimes caused by voluntary muscle tightening in a frightened child.
TABLE 3-3 Primitive Reflexes Primitive Reflex Age at Disappearance (Months) Description Palmar grasp 3–4 Pressing against the palmar surface of the infant's hand results in flexion of all fingers. Rooting 3–4 Stroking the perioral skin at the corners of the mouth causes the mouth to open and turn to stimulated side. Galant 2–3 Stroking along the paravertebral area causes lateral flexion of the trunk with the concavity toward the stimulated side. Moro 4–6 Sudden movement of the head causes symmetric abduction and extension of the arms followed by gradual adduction and flexion of the arms over the body.
Congenital Anomalies or Dysmorphic Features Congenital anomalies or dysmorphic features are associated with many genetic syndromes that may cause mental retardation or learning disabilities. , Williams syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome) are not detected by a routine karyotype. Detecting these disorders requires the use of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) technology, using a probe for the specific region of the chromosome to be investigated. Genetics consultation is indicated when considering these tests.