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By Loren R. Graham

Examines the kingdom of Soviet study into fields akin to psychology, genetics, chemistry, cybernetics, and relativity physics.

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Of course, Engels admitted that many theories or explanations "worked" while being incomplete or based on false assumptions. The Babylonians were able to predict certain celestial phenomena through the use of tables, with almost no knowledge of the location and movement of the bodies themselves. 87 ~~~~ 58 ~~-~---~~--~-~-----~~-~------- Dialectical Materialism THE DISPUTE BETWEEN THE EPISTEMOLOGISTS AND THE ONTOLOGISTS As mentioned several times previously, a major recent controversy among Soviet dialectical materialists has been between those people who believe that the laws of dialectic are inherent in nature and that Marxist philosophy can even help a scientist predict research results (the ontologists' position), and those who assign dialectical materialism the more restricted role of the study of uniquely philosophical issues such as cognition, logic, and methodology (the epistemologists' position).

Similarly, in electricity the positive and the negative are not two diverse and independent fluids. In opposition, the difference is not confronted by any other, but by its other. 72 By the principle of the unity of opposites Engels meant that harmony and arder are found in the resulting synthesis of two opposing forces. 73 Engels saw the operation ~f this law in the rotation of the earth around the sun, which resulted from the opposing influences of gravitation al and centrifugaI forces. The same law governed the formation of a salt by the chernical interaction of an acid and a base.

Thus, the categories develop with science itself. The avowed elasticity of the categories gives, indirectly, room for interpretation of the dialectical laws themselves, since the categories are the terms in which the laws are expressed. In this study the possibility of revising the categories will be particularly relevant in the discussion of cosmology, where certain authors reinterpreted the term "infinity" after 1956 by examming the categories. "Time" and "space" Dialectical Materialism 57 had been listed as categories in the texts of the fifties, and these concepts were reexamined.

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